ZFIN ID: ZDB-FIG-160420-7
Stiff et al., 2016 - ATR promotes cilia signalling; links to developmental impacts. Human molecular genetics   25(8):1574-87 Full text @ Hum. Mol. Genet.
ADDITIONAL FIGURES
EXPRESSION / LABELING:
Genes:
Fish:
Condition:
Knockdown Reagent:
Anatomical Terms:
Stage Range: 1-4 somites to 20-25 somites
PHENOTYPE:
Fish:
Condition:
Knockdown Reagent:
Observed In:
Stage Range: 20-25 somites to Long-pec

Fig. 5

Loss of Atr impairs cilia function in zebrafish. (A) WMISH of 22 ss embryos illustrating southpaw (spaw) expression in the left lateral plate mesoderm (left panel). Ambiguous (middle panel) or right-sided expression (right panel) indicates aberrant left-right asymmetry. Scale bar: 200 µm. (B) Percentage of embryos with left-sided (L), right-sided (R), ambiguous (B) or no spaw expression upon Atr MO. n= 93-125 embryos; four experiments. P < 0.0001. (C) Chemical inhibition of Atr (ATRi-1) randomizes spaw expression. n = 124-197 embryos; six experiments. P < 0.0001. (D) Representative images of WMISH for cardiac myosin light chain 2 (cmlc2) showing heart looping in 48 hpf embryos. Left panel, a correctly looped heart (D-loop); middle panel, a heart with no looping (no loop); right panel, an inversely looped heart (L-loop). A, atrium; V, ventricle. Scale bar: 100 µm. (E) Atr depletion impedes heart looping (48 hpf). Stacked bar graph displaying the percentage of embryos with a properly looped heart (D), an unlooped heart (N) or an inversely looped heart (L). n = 94-108; four experiments. P < 0.0001. (F) ATRi-1 inhibitor treatment randomizes cardiac looping similar to that observed in knockdown embryos. n = 106-243; seven experiments. P = 0.009. (G) WMISH for insulin (ins) labelling of pancreatic cells to assess abdominal situs development. Left panel, a dorsal view of a control. The ins expression domain is right of the midline (dashed line). Right panel, pancreas located left of the midline. Embryos were 48 hpf. Scale bar: 200 µm. (H) Stacked bar graph summarizing correct (R) or wrong-sided (L) expression of ins in injected embryos. n = 94-105 embryos; four experiments. P = 0.001. (I) Aberrant pancreas placement after Atr depletion (48 hpf). n = 118-245 embryos; seven experiments. P = 0.008. (J) Flat mounts of four and eight ss embryos after WMISH for Atr. Note the stronger staining and higher Atr expression in the tailbud region, where the KV forms. Anterior to the left. Scale bars: 150 µm (four ss) and 200 µm (eight ss). (K) KV-specific Atr knockdown randomizes cardiac looping. Stacked bar graph of embryos processed for cmlc2 WMISH. n = 66-67 embryos; three experiments. P < 0.0001. Significance was assessed using Fisher′s exact test.

Gene Expression Details
Gene Antibody Fish Conditions Stage Anatomy Assay
atr WT standard conditions 1-4 somites tail bud ISH
5-9 somites hindbrain neural rod ISH
5-9 somites midbrain neural rod ISH
5-9 somites optic vesicle ISH
5-9 somites somite ISH
5-9 somites tail bud ISH
spaw WT chemical treatment: protein kinase inhibitor 20-25 somites lateral plate mesoderm ISH
20-25 somites lateral plate mesoderm right side ISH
WT + MO1-atr standard conditions 20-25 somites lateral plate mesoderm ISH
20-25 somites lateral plate mesoderm right side ISH
Antibody Labeling Details No data available
Phenotype Details
Fish Conditions Stage Phenotype
WT chemical treatment: protein kinase inhibitor 20-25 somites determination of left/right asymmetry in lateral mesoderm decreased occurrence, abnormal
20-25 somites determination of left/right asymmetry in lateral mesoderm process quality, abnormal
20-25 somites lateral plate mesoderm spaw expression mislocalised, abnormal
20-25 somites lateral plate mesoderm right side spaw expression mislocalised, abnormal
Long-pec determination of pancreatic left/right asymmetry decreased occurrence, abnormal
Long-pec heart looping decreased occurrence, abnormal
Long-pec heart looping process quality, abnormal
Long-pec pancreas mislocalised, abnormal
WT + MO1-atr standard conditions 20-25 somites determination of left/right asymmetry in lateral mesoderm decreased occurrence, abnormal
20-25 somites determination of left/right asymmetry in lateral mesoderm process quality, abnormal
20-25 somites lateral plate mesoderm spaw expression mislocalised, abnormal
20-25 somites lateral plate mesoderm right side spaw expression mislocalised, abnormal
Long-pec determination of pancreatic left/right asymmetry decreased occurrence, abnormal
Long-pec heart looping decreased occurrence, abnormal
Long-pec heart looping process quality, abnormal
Long-pec pancreas mislocalised, abnormal
Acknowledgments:
ZFIN wishes to thank the journal Human molecular genetics for permission to reproduce figures from this article. Please note that this material may be protected by copyright. Full text @ Hum. Mol. Genet.