ZFIN ID: ZDB-PUB-120326-3
Nanog-like Regulates Endoderm Formation through the Mxtx2-Nodal Pathway
Xu, C., Fan, Z.P., Müller, P., Fogley, R., Dibiase, A., Trompouki, E., Unternaehrer, J., Xiong, F., Torregroza, I., Evans, T., Megason, S.G., Daley, G.Q., Schier, A.F., Young, R.A., and Zon, L.I.
Date: 2012
Source: Developmental Cell 22(3): 625-238 (Journal)
Registered Authors: Evans, Todd, Megason, Sean, Schier, Alexander, Zon, Leonard I.
Keywords: none
Microarrays: GEO:GSE34682, GEO:GSE34683, GEO:GSE34684
MeSH Terms: Amino Acid Sequence; Animals; Embryo, Nonmammalian/metabolism; Endoderm/metabolism*; Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental (all 15) expand
PubMed: 22421047 Full text @ Dev. Cell
FIGURES   (current status)
ABSTRACT

In mammalian embryonic stem cells, the acquisition of pluripotency is dependent on Nanog, but the in vivo analysis of Nanog has been hampered by its requirement for early mouse development. In an effort to examine the role of Nanog in vivo, we identified a zebrafish Nanog ortholog and found that its knockdown impaired endoderm formation. Genome-wide transcription analysis revealed that nanog-like morphants fail to develop the extraembryonic yolk syncytial layer (YSL), which produces Nodal, required for endoderm induction. We examined the genes that were regulated by Nanog-like and identified the homeobox gene mxtx2, which is both necessary and sufficient for YSL induction. Chromatin immunoprecipitation assays and genetic studies indicated that Nanog-like directly activates mxtx2, which, in turn, specifies the YSL lineage by directly activating YSL genes. Our study identifies a Nanog-like-Mxtx2-Nodal pathway and establishes a role for Nanog-like in regulating the formation of the extraembryonic tissue required for endoderm induction.

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