|ZFIN ID: ZDB-PUB-170129-3|
Intestinal epithelial cell Caveolin 1 regulates fatty acid and lipoprotein cholesterol plasma levels
Otis, J.P., Shen, M.C., Quinlivan, V., Anderson, J.L., Farber, S.A.
|Source:||Disease models & mechanisms 10(3): 283-295 (Journal)|
|Registered Authors:||Anderson, Jennifer, Farber, Steven, Otis, Jessica P., Quinlivan-Repasi, Vanessa|
|Keywords:||LDL Cholesterol, caveolae, caveolin 1, free fatty acids, knockout mice, zebrafish|
|PubMed:||28130355 Full text @ Dis. Model. Mech.|
Otis, J.P., Shen, M.C., Quinlivan, V., Anderson, J.L., Farber, S.A. (2017) Intestinal epithelial cell Caveolin 1 regulates fatty acid and lipoprotein cholesterol plasma levels. Disease models & mechanisms. 10(3):283-295.
ABSTRACTCaveolae and their structural protein caveolin 1 (CAV1) have roles in cellular lipid processing and systemic lipid metabolism. Global deletion of CAV1 in mice results in insulin resistance and increases in atherogenic plasma lipids and cholesterol, but protects from diet-induced obesity and atherosclerosis. Despite the fundamental role of the intestinal epithelia in the regulation of dietary lipid processing and metabolism, the contributions of CAV1 to lipid metabolism in this tissue have never been directly investigated. In this study the cellular dynamics of intestinal Cav1 were visualized in zebrafish and the metabolic contributions of CAV1 were determined with mice lacking CAV1 in intestinal epithelial cells (CAV1IEC-KO). Live imaging of Cav1-GFP and fluorescently labeled caveolae cargos shows localization to the basolateral and lateral enterocyte plasma membrane (PM), suggesting Cav1 mediates transport between enterocytes and the submucosa. CAV1IEC-KO mice are protected from the elevation in circulating fasted low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol associated with a high-fat diet (HFD), but have increased postprandial LDL cholesterol, total free fatty acids (FFAs), palmitoleic acid, and palmitic acid. The increase in circulating FAs in HFD CAV1IEC-KO mice is mirrored by decreased hepatic FAs, suggesting a non-cell-autonomous role for intestinal epithelial cell CAV1 in promoting hepatic FA storage. In conclusion, CAV1 regulates circulating LDL cholesterol and several FA species via the basolateral PM of enterocytes. These results point to intestinal epithelial cell CAV1 as a potential therapeutic target to lower circulating FFAs and LDL cholesterol, as high levels are associated with development of type II diabetes and cardiovascular disease.