ZFIN ID: ZDB-PUB-990427-9
Epidermal expression of apolipoprotein E gene during fin and scale development and fin regeneration in zebrafish
Monnot, M.J., Babin, P.J., Poleo, G., Andre, M., Laforest, L., Ballagny, C., and Akimenko, M.A.
Date: 1999
Source: Developmental dynamics : an official publication of the American Association of Anatomists   214(3): 207-215 (Journal)
Registered Authors: Akimenko, Marie-Andree, Babin, Patrick J., Laforest, Lynda, Poleo, German
Keywords: apolipoprotein E; epidermis; fin; regeneration scale; skin; zebrafish
MeSH Terms:
  • Animals
  • Apolipoproteins E/genetics*
  • Epidermis/embryology*
  • Epidermis/metabolism
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental*
  • Morphogenesis
  • Regeneration*
  • Zebrafish/embryology*
  • Zebrafish/genetics
  • Zebrafish/physiology
PubMed: 10090147 Full text @ Dev. Dyn.
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ABSTRACT
Apolipoprotein E (apoE) plays an important role in systemic and local lipid homeostasis. We have examined the expression of apoE during morphogenesis and regeneration of paired and unpaired fins and during scale development in zebrafish (Danio rerio). In situ hybridization analysis revealed that, during embryogenesis, apoE is expressed in the epithelial cells of the median fin fold and of the pectoral fin buds. ApoE remains expressed in the elongating fin folds throughout development of the fins. During the larval to juvenile transition, apoE transcripts were present in the distal, interray and lateral epidermis of developing fins. Furthermore, as scale buds started to form, apoE was expressed in large scale domains which later, became restricted to the external posterior epidermal part of scales. A low level of transcripts could be observed at later developmental stages at these locations probably because fins and scales continue to grow throughout the animal's life. During regeneration of both pectoral and caudal fins, a marked increase in apoE expression is observed as early as 12 hours after amputation in the wound epidermis. High levels of apoE transcripts are then localized primarily in the basal cell layer of the apical epidermis. The levels of apoE expression were maximum between the second to fourth days and then progressively declined to basal level by day 14. ApoE transcripts were also observed in putative macrophages infiltrated in the mesenchymal compartment of regenerating fins a few hours after amputation. In conclusion, apoE is highly expressed in the epidermis of developing fins and scales and during fin regeneration while no expression can be detected in the skin of the trunk. ApoE may play a specific role in fin and scale differentiation at sites where important epidermo-dermal interactions occur for the elaboration of the dermal skeleton and/or for lipid uptake and redistribution within these rapidly growing structures.
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