Essential Roles of the Histone Demethylase KDM4C in Renal Development and Acute Kidney Injury

Pan, H.C., Chen, Y.H., Fang, W.C., Wu, V.C., Sun, C.Y.
International Journal of Molecular Sciences   23(16): (Journal)
Registered Authors
Chen, Yau-Hung
KDM4C, acute kidney injury, autophagy, ischemia reperfusion kidney injury, mitochondria
MeSH Terms
  • Acute Kidney Injury*/genetics
  • Acute Kidney Injury*/metabolism
  • Animals
  • Apoptosis
  • Histone Demethylases/metabolism
  • Humans
  • Jumonji Domain-Containing Histone Demethylases*/genetics
  • Jumonji Domain-Containing Histone Demethylases*/metabolism
  • Kidney/metabolism
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred C57BL
  • Reperfusion Injury*/genetics
  • Reperfusion Injury*/metabolism
  • Transcription Factors/metabolism
  • Zebrafish
36012577 Full text @ Int. J. Mol. Sci.
Lysine demethylase 4C (KDM4C) is a nuclear protein that is essential for histone modification and acts as an important regulator of several transcription factors. Previous studies have shown that KDM4C may also play a role in mediating stress responses. The purpose of this study was to examine the roles of KDM4C in kidney development and acute kidney injury (AKI).
The effect of KDM4C on kidney development was assessed by comparing the kidney phenotype between 96 zebrafish embryos treated with kdm4c-morpholino oligonucleotide and 96 untreated zebrafish embryos. We further examined whether KDM4C is essential for maintaining cell survival in AKI. Cultured human renal tubular cells were used for the in vitro study. Wild-type and Kdm4c knockout mice (C57BL/6NTac-Kdm4ctm1a(KOMP)Wtsi) were divided into a sham group and model group, and then subjected to ischemic reperfusion kidney injury (IRI-AKI). Blood samples and kidneys were collected at different time points (day 3, day 7, day 14, and day 28) and were processed for in vivo studies (n = 8 in each group).
Kdm4c knockdown significantly decreased zebrafish embryo survival and impaired kidney development. The in vitro study showed that KDM4C inhibition by JIB04 significantly increased cellular apoptosis under oxidative stress conditions. KDM4C knockdown cells had impaired autophagy function under stress conditions. The IRI-AKI mice study showed that KDM4C protein levels dynamically changed and were significantly correlated with HIF-1α levels in AKI. Kdm4c-/- mice had significantly more severe renal impairment and increased kidney fibrosis than the wild-type mice. Cytokine array results also indicated that the kidneys of Kdm4c-/- mice had increased inflammation in AKI compared with the wild-type mice. Further RNA sequence analysis revealed that KDM4C may regulate transcription factors related to mitochondrial dynamics and function.
Our study suggests that KDM4C may play a critical role in regulating mitochondria, which is related to a protective effect on maintaining cell survival in AKI.
Genes / Markers
Show all Figures
Mutations / Transgenics
Human Disease / Model
Sequence Targeting Reagents
Engineered Foreign Genes