ZFIN ID: ZDB-PUB-210407-19
Current Advances in Comprehending Dynamics of Regenerating Axons and Axon-Glia Interactions after Peripheral Nerve Injury in Zebrafish
Gonzalez, D., Allende, M.L.
Date: 2021
Source: International Journal of Molecular Sciences   22(5): (Review)
Registered Authors: Allende, Miguel L.
Keywords: Danio rerio, Schwann cells, axonal degeneration, axonal regeneration, peripheral nerve injury, peripheral nervous system, zebrafish
MeSH Terms:
  • Animals
  • Axons/metabolism*
  • Nerve Regeneration*
  • Neuroglia/metabolism*
  • Peripheral Nerve Injuries/pathology*
  • Peripheral Nerve Injuries/therapy
  • Zebrafish/physiology*
PubMed: 33801205 Full text @ Int. J. Mol. Sci.
Following an injury, axons of both the central nervous system (CNS) and peripheral nervous system (PNS) degenerate through a coordinated and genetically conserved mechanism known as Wallerian degeneration (WD). Unlike central axons, severed peripheral axons have a higher capacity to regenerate and reinnervate their original targets, mainly because of the favorable environment that they inhabit and the presence of different cell types. Even though many aspects of regeneration in peripheral nerves have been studied, there is still a lack of understanding regarding the dynamics of axonal degeneration and regeneration, mostly due to the inherent limitations of most animal models. In this scenario, the use of zebrafish (Danio rerio) larvae combined with time-lapse microscopy currently offers a unique experimental opportunity to monitor the dynamics of the regenerative process in the PNS in vivo. This review summarizes the current knowledge and advances made in understanding the dynamics of the regenerative process of PNS axons. By using different tools available in zebrafish such as electroablation of the posterior lateral line nerve (pLLn), and laser-mediated transection of motor and sensory axons followed by time-lapse microscopy, researchers are beginning to unravel the complexity of the spatiotemporal interactions among different cell types during the regenerative process. Thus, understanding the cellular and molecular mechanisms underlying the degeneration and regeneration of peripheral nerves will open new avenues in the treatment of acute nerve trauma or chronic conditions such as neurodegenerative diseases.