ZFIN ID: ZDB-PUB-180802-1
Canonical Wnt signaling remodels lipid metabolism in zebrafish hepatocytes following Ras oncogenic insult
Yao, Y., Sun, S., Wang, J., Fei, F., Dong, Z., Ke, A.W., He, R., Wang, L., Zhang, L., Ji, M.B., Li, Q., Yu, M., Shi, G.M., Fan, J., Gong, Z., Wang, X.
Date: 2018
Source: Cancer research   78(19): 5548-5560 (Journal)
Registered Authors: Gong, Zhiyuan, Wang, Xu
Keywords: none
MeSH Terms:
  • Acetates/pharmacology
  • Animals
  • Animals, Genetically Modified
  • Carcinogenesis/metabolism
  • Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/pathology
  • Cell Line, Tumor
  • Cell Transformation, Neoplastic/genetics
  • Fatty Acids, Nonesterified/metabolism
  • Fatty Liver/metabolism
  • Hep G2 Cells
  • Hepatocytes/cytology
  • Hepatocytes/metabolism*
  • Humans
  • Hyperplasia
  • Lipid Metabolism*
  • Lipids
  • Liver Neoplasms/pathology
  • Mice
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins p21(ras)/metabolism
  • Signal Transduction
  • Tetrazoles/pharmacology
  • Transgenes
  • Wnt Signaling Pathway*
  • Zebrafish
  • ras Proteins/metabolism*
PubMed: 30065049 Full text @ Cancer Res.
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ABSTRACT
There is limited understanding of the effects of major oncogenic pathways and their combinatorial actions on lipid composition and transformation during hepatic tumorigenesis. Here, we report a negative correlation of Wnt/Myc activity with steatosis in human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and perform in vivo functional studies using three conditional transgenic zebrafish models. Double-transgenic zebrafish larvae conditionally expressing human CTNNB1mt and zebrafish tcf7l2 or murine Myc together with krasv12 in hepatocytes led to severe hepatomegaly and significantly attenuated accumulation of lipid droplets and cell senescence triggered by krasv12 expression alone. UPLC-MS-based, nontargeted lipidomic profiling and transcriptome analyses revealed that Wnt/Myc activity promotes triacylglycerol to phospholipid transformation and increases unsaturated fatty acyl groups in phospholipids in a Ras-dependent manner. Small-scale screenings suggested that supplementation of certain free fatty acids (FA) or inhibition of FA desaturation significantly represses hepatic hyperplasia of double-transgenic larvae and proliferation of three human HCC cells with and without sorafenib. Together, our studies reveal novel Ras-dependent functions of Wnt signaling in remodeling the lipid metabolism of cancerous hepatocytes in zebrafish and identify the SCD inhibitor MK8245 as a candidate drug for therapeutic intervention.Significance: These findings identify FA desaturation as a significant downstream therapeutic target for antagonizing the combinatorial effects of Wnt and Ras signaling pathways in hepatocellular carcinoma.Graphical Abstract: http://cancerres.aacrjournals.org/content/canres/78/19/5548/F1.large.jpg Cancer Res; 78(19); 5548-60. ©2018 AACR.
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