ZFIN ID: ZDB-PUB-180228-2
Increased mechanical loading through controlled swimming exercise induces bone formation and mineralization in adult zebrafish
Suniaga, S., Rolvien, T., Vom Scheidt, A., Fiedler, I.A.K., Bale, H.A., Huysseune, A., Witten, P.E., Amling, M., Busse, B.
Date: 2018
Source: Scientific Reports   8: 3646 (Journal)
Registered Authors: Huysseune, Ann, Witten, P. Eckhard
Keywords: none
MeSH Terms:
  • Animals
  • Bone Density/physiology
  • Bone and Bones/physiology*
  • Osteogenesis/physiology
  • Physical Conditioning, Animal
  • Swimming
  • Zebrafish/physiology*
PubMed: 29483529 Full text @ Sci. Rep.
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ABSTRACT
Exercise promotes gain in bone mass through adaptive responses of the vertebrate skeleton. This mechanism counteracts age- and disease-related skeletal degradation, but remains to be fully understood. In life sciences, zebrafish emerged as a vertebrate model that can provide new insights into the complex mechanisms governing bone quality. To test the hypothesis that musculoskeletal exercise induces bone adaptation in adult zebrafish and to characterize bone reorganization, animals were subjected to increased physical exercise for four weeks in a swim tunnel experiment. Cellular, structural and compositional changes of loaded vertebrae were quantified using integrated high-resolution analyses. Exercise triggered rapid bone adaptation with substantial increases in bone-forming osteoblasts, bone volume and mineralization. Clearly, modeling processes in zebrafish bone resemble processes in human bone. This study highlights how exercise experiments in adult zebrafish foster in-depth insight into aging-related bone diseases and can thus catalyze the search for appropriate prevention and new treatment options.
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