ZFIN ID: ZDB-PUB-170831-5
Tcf7l2 plays pleiotropic roles in the control of glucose homeostasis, pancreas morphology, vascularization and regeneration
Facchinello, N., Tarifeño-Saldivia, E., Grisan, E., Schiavone, M., Peron, M., Mongera, A., Ek, O., Schmitner, N., Meyer, D., Peers, B., Tiso, N., Argenton, F.
Date: 2017
Source: Scientific Reports   7: 9605 (Journal)
Registered Authors: Argenton, Francesco, Ek, Olivier, Facchinello, Nicola, Meyer, Dirk, Peers, Bernard, Schiavone, Marco, Schmitner, Nicole, Tiso, Natascia
Keywords: Development, Disease model, Type 2 diabetes
MeSH Terms:
  • Animals
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/metabolism
  • Endothelium/metabolism
  • Glucose/metabolism*
  • Heterozygote
  • Homeostasis*
  • Homozygote
  • Insulin/genetics
  • Insulin/metabolism
  • Insulin-Secreting Cells/metabolism
  • Mutation
  • Pancreas/blood supply*
  • Pancreas/metabolism*
  • Regeneration*
  • Transcription Factor 7-Like 2 Protein/genetics
  • Transcription Factor 7-Like 2 Protein/metabolism*
  • Wnt Signaling Pathway
  • Zebrafish
PubMed: 28851992 Full text @ Sci. Rep.
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ABSTRACT
Type 2 diabetes (T2D) is a disease characterized by impaired insulin secretion. The Wnt signaling transcription factor Tcf7l2 is to date the T2D-associated gene with the largest effect on disease susceptibility. However, the mechanisms by which TCF7L2 variants affect insulin release from β-cells are not yet fully understood. By taking advantage of a tcf7l2 zebrafish mutant line, we first show that these animals are characterized by hyperglycemia and impaired islet development. Moreover, we demonstrate that the zebrafish tcf7l2 gene is highly expressed in the exocrine pancreas, suggesting potential bystander effects on β-cell growth, differentiation and regeneration. Finally, we describe a peculiar vascular phenotype in tcf7l2 mutant larvae, characterized by significant reduction in the average number and diameter of pancreatic islet capillaries. Overall, the zebrafish Tcf7l2 mutant, characterized by hyperglycemia, pancreatic and vascular defects, and reduced regeneration proves to be a suitable model to study the mechanism of action and the pleiotropic effects of Tcf7l2, the most relevant T2D GWAS hit in human populations.
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