Myc and Fgf Are Required for Zebrafish Neuromast Hair Cell Regeneration

Lee, S.G., Huang, M., Obholzer, N.D., Sun, S., Li, W., Petrillo, M., Dai, P., Zhou, Y., Cotanche, D.A., Megason, S.G., Li, H., Chen, Z.Y.
PLoS One   11: e0157768 (Journal)
Registered Authors
Megason, Sean, Obholzer, Nikolaus, Zhou, Yi
Zebrafish, Neomycins, Larvae, In situ hybridization, Cell cycle and cell division, Microarrays, Inner ear, Gene expression
MeSH Terms
  • Animals
  • Cell Proliferation
  • Fibroblast Growth Factors/genetics
  • Fibroblast Growth Factors/metabolism*
  • Lateral Line System/cytology
  • Lateral Line System/metabolism*
  • Lateral Line System/physiology
  • Mast Cells/cytology
  • Mast Cells/metabolism*
  • Mast Cells/physiology
  • Neurons, Afferent/cytology
  • Neurons, Afferent/metabolism*
  • Neurons, Afferent/physiology
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-myc/genetics
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-myc/metabolism*
  • Receptors, Fibroblast Growth Factor/genetics
  • Receptors, Fibroblast Growth Factor/metabolism
  • Regeneration*
  • Zebrafish
  • Zebrafish Proteins/genetics
  • Zebrafish Proteins/metabolism
27351484 Full text @ PLoS One
Unlike mammals, the non-mammalian vertebrate inner ear can regenerate the sensory cells, hair cells, either spontaneously or through induction after hair cell loss, leading to hearing recovery. The mechanisms underlying the regeneration are poorly understood. By microarray analysis on a chick model, we show that chick hair cell regeneration involves the activation of proliferation genes and downregulation of differentiation genes. Both MYC and FGF are activated in chick hair cell regeneration. Using a zebrafish lateral line neuromast hair cell regeneration model, we show that the specific inhibition of Myc or Fgf suppresses hair cell regeneration, demonstrating that both pathways are essential to the process. Rapid upregulation of Myc and delayed Fgf activation during regeneration suggest a role of Myc in proliferation and Fgf in differentiation. The dorsal-ventral pattern of fgfr1a in the neuromasts overlaps with the distribution of hair cell precursors. By laser ablation, we show that the fgfr1a-positive supporting cells are likely the hair cell precursors that directly give rise to new hair cells; whereas the anterior-posterior fgfr1a-negative supporting cells have heightened proliferation capacity, likely to serve as more primitive progenitor cells to replenish lost precursors after hair cell loss. Thus fgfr1a is likely to mark compartmentalized supporting cell subtypes with different capacities in renewal proliferation and hair cell regeneration. Manipulation of c-MYC and FGF pathways could be explored for mammalian hair cell regeneration.
Genes / Markers
Show all Figures
Mutations / Transgenics
Human Disease / Model
Sequence Targeting Reagents
Engineered Foreign Genes