ZFIN ID: ZDB-PUB-141019-6
Axon-Schwann cell interactions during peripheral nerve regeneration in zebrafish larvae
Ceci, M.L., Mardones-Krsulovic, C., Sánchez, M., Valdivia, L.E., Allende, M.L.
Date: 2014
Source: Neural Development 9: 22 (Journal)
Registered Authors: Allende, Miguel L., Valdivia, Leonardo
Keywords: none
MeSH Terms: Analysis of Variance; Animals; Animals, Genetically Modified; Axons/physiology*; Bromodeoxyuridine; Cell Transplantation; DNA-Binding Proteins/genetics; Disease Models, Animal; Embryo, Nonmammalian; Green Fluorescent Proteins/genetics; Green Fluorescent Proteins/metabolism; Larva; Nerve Regeneration/genetics; Nerve Regeneration/physiology*; Nerve Tissue Proteins/genetics; Nerve Tissue Proteins/metabolism; Oncogene Proteins v-erbB/metabolism; Peripheral Nerve Injuries/pathology*; Peripheral Nerve Injuries/physiopathology; Peripheral Nerve Injuries/surgery; Schwann Cells/pathology; Schwann Cells/physiology*; Signal Transduction/genetics; Zebrafish; Zebrafish Proteins/genetics; Zebrafish Proteins/metabolism
PubMed: 25326036 Full text @ Neural Dev.
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ABSTRACT
Peripheral nerve injuries can severely affect the way that animals perceive signals from the surrounding environment. While damage to peripheral axons generally has a better outcome than injuries to central nervous system axons, it is currently unknown how neurons re-establish their target innervations to recover function after injury, and how accessory cells contribute to this task. Here we use a simple technique to create reproducible and localized injury in the posterior lateral line (pLL) nerve of zebrafish and follow the fate of both neurons and Schwann cells.
Using pLL single axon labeling by transient transgene expression, as well as transplantation of glial precursor cells in zebrafish larvae, we individualize different components in this system and characterize their cellular behaviors during the regenerative process. Neurectomy is followed by loss of Schwann cell differentiation markers that is reverted after nerve regrowth. We show that reinnervation of lateral line hair cells in neuromasts during pLL nerve regeneration is a highly dynamic process with promiscuous yet non-random target recognition. Furthermore, Schwann cells are required for directional extension and fasciculation of the regenerating nerve. We provide evidence that these cells and regrowing axons are mutually dependant during early stages of nerve regeneration in the pLL. The role of ErbB signaling in this context is also explored.
The accessibility of the pLL nerve and the availability of transgenic lines that label this structure and their synaptic targets provides an outstanding in vivo model to study the different events associated with axonal extension, target reinnervation, and the complex cellular interactions between glial cells and injured axons during nerve regeneration.
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