In vivo analysis of Hyaloid vasculature morphogenesis in zebrafish: A role for the lens in maturation and maintenance of the Hyaloid

Hartsock, A., Lee, C., Arnold, V., Gross, J.M.
Developmental Biology   394(2): 327-39 (Journal)
Registered Authors
Gross, Jeffrey, Lee, Chanjae
MeSH Terms
  • Angiography/methods
  • Animals
  • Cloning, Molecular
  • Cryoultramicrotomy
  • Eye/blood supply*
  • Eye/embryology*
  • Green Fluorescent Proteins
  • Lens, Crystalline/physiology*
  • Microscopy, Confocal
  • Morphogenesis/physiology*
  • Time-Lapse Imaging
  • Zebrafish/embryology*
25127995 Full text @ Dev. Biol.
Two vascular networks nourish the embryonic eye as it develops - the hyaloid vasculature, located at the anterior of the eye between the retina and lens, and the choroidal vasculature, located at the posterior of the eye, surrounding the optic cup. Little is known about hyaloid development and morphogenesis, however. To begin to identify the morphogenetic underpinnings of hyaloid formation, we utilized in vivo time-lapse confocal imaging to characterize morphogenesis of the zebrafish hyaloid through 5 days post fertilization (dpf). Our data segregate hyaloid formation into three distinct morphogenetic stages: Stage I: Arrival of hyaloid cells at the lens and formation of the hyaloid loop; Stage II: Formation of a branched hyaloid network; Stage III: Refinement of the hyaloid network. Utilizing fixed and dissected tissues, distinct Stage II and Stage III aspects of hyaloid formation were quantified over time. Combining in vivo imaging with microangiography, we demonstrate that the hyaloid system becomes fully enclosed by 5dpf. To begin to identify the molecular and cellular mechanisms underlying hyaloid morphogenesis, we identified a recessive mutation in the mab21l2 gene, and in a subset of mab21l2 mutants the lens does not form. Utilizing these "lens-less" mutants, we determined whether the lens was required for hyaloid morphogenesis. Our data demonstrate that the lens is not required for Stage I of hyaloid formation; however, Stages II and III of hyaloid formation are disrupted in the absence of a lens, supporting a role for the lens in hyaloid maturation and maintenance. Taken together, this study provides a foundation on which the cellular, molecular and embryologic mechanisms underlying hyaloid morphogenesis can be elucidated.
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Human Disease / Model
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