ZFIN ID: ZDB-PUB-130816-10
snow white, a Zebrafish Model of Hermansky-Pudlak Syndrome Type 5
Daly, C.M., Willer, J., Gregg, R., and Gross, J.M.
Date: 2013
Source: Genetics 195(2): 481-494 (Journal)
Registered Authors: Willer, Jason
Keywords: Hermansky-Pudlak Syndrome, Hps5, lysosome-related organelle, melanosome, zebrafish
MeSH Terms:
  • Animals
  • COS Cells
  • Carrier Proteins/chemistry
  • Carrier Proteins/genetics*
  • Cercopithecus aethiops
  • Disease Models, Animal
  • Eye/pathology
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental
  • Hermanski-Pudlak Syndrome/genetics*
  • Hermanski-Pudlak Syndrome/pathology
  • Humans
  • Lysosomes/genetics
  • Lysosomes/metabolism
  • Melanins/biosynthesis
  • Melanins/genetics*
  • Melanosomes/genetics
  • Melanosomes/pathology
  • Mice
  • Mutation
  • Zebrafish/genetics*
  • Zebrafish/growth & development
PubMed: 23893484 Full text @ Genetics
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ABSTRACT

Hermansky-Pudlak Syndrome (HPS) is a set of genetically heterogeneous diseases caused by mutations in one of nine known HPS genes. HPS patients display oculocutaneous hypopigmentation and bleeding diathesis, and depending on the disease subtype, pulmonary fibrosis, congenital nystagmus, reduced visual acuity, and platelet aggregation deficiency. Mouse models for all known HPS subtypes have contributed greatly to our understanding of the disease, but many of the molecular and cellular mechanisms underlying HPS remain unknown. Here, we characterize ocular defects in the zebrafish (Danio rerio) mutant snow white (snw), which possesses a recessive, missense mutation in hps5 (hps5I76N). Melanosome biogenesis is disrupted in snw/hps5 mutants, resulting in hypopigmentation, a significant decrease in the number, size and maturity of melanosomes, and the presence of ectopic multi-melanosome clusters throughout the mutant retina and choroid. snw/hps5I76N is the first Hps5 mutation identified within the N-terminal WD40 repeat protein-protein binding domain. Through in vitro co-expression assays, we demonstrate that Hps5I76N retains the ability to bind its protein complex partners, Hps3 and Hps6. Furthermore, while Hps5 and Hps6 stabilize each other's expression, this stabilization is disrupted by Hps5I76N. The snw/hps5I76N mutant provides a valuable resource for structure-function analyses of Hps5 and enables further elucidation of the molecular and cellular mechanisms underlying HPS.

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