ZFIN ID: ZDB-PUB-130403-1
Localized bacterial infection induces systemic activation of neutrophils through Cxcr2 signaling in zebrafish
Deng, Q., Sarris, M., Bennin, D.A., Green, J.M., Herbomel, P., and Huttenlocher, A.
Date: 2013
Source: Journal of Leukocyte Biology   93(5): 761-9 (Journal)
Registered Authors: Herbomel, Philippe, Huttenlocher, Anna, Sarris, Milka
Keywords: innate immunity, leukocyte biology, cell migration
MeSH Terms:
  • Animals
  • Bacterial Infections/immunology*
  • Cell Movement
  • HEK293 Cells
  • Homeostasis
  • Humans
  • Interleukin-8/physiology
  • Neutrophil Activation*
  • Receptors, Interleukin-8A/physiology
  • Receptors, Interleukin-8B/physiology*
  • Signal Transduction/physiology*
  • Zebrafish
PubMed: 23475575 Full text @ J. Leukoc. Biol.
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ABSTRACT

Neutrophils are the first line of defense against tissue damage and are rapidly mobilized to sites of bacterial infection. However, the signals that regulate neutrophil recruitment are not well defined. Here, using photolabel-enabled fate mapping in zebrafish larvae, we show that localized otic infection with Pseudomonas aeruginosa induces systemic activation and mobilization of neutrophils from the CHT through Cxcr2 signaling. We have cloned the zebrafish Cxcr1 and Cxcr2 receptors and show that Cxcr2 functions as a Cxcl8 receptor in live zebrafish. With the use of morpholino-mediated depletion, we show that infection-induced neutrophil mobilization from the CHT is mediated by Cxcr2 but not Cxcr1. By contrast, Cxcr2 depletion does not affect neutrophil recruitment to the chemoattractant LTB4. Taken together, our findings identify Cxcl8-Cxcr2 signaling as an infection-induced long-range cue that mediates neutrophil motility and mobilization from hematopoietic tissues, positioning Cxcr2 as a critical pathway that mediates infection-induced systemic activation of neutrophils.

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