Hoeppner, L.H., Phoenix, K.N., Clark, K.J., Bhattacharya, R., Gong, X., Sciuto, T.E., Vohra, P., Suresh, S., Bhattacharya, S., Dvorak, A.M., Ekker, S.C., Dvorak, H.F., Claffey, K.P., and Mukhopadhyay, D. (2012) Revealing the role of phospholipase Cβ3 in the regulation of VEGF-induced vascular permeability. Blood. 120(11):2167-2173.
Vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGF) induces vascular permeability (VP) in ischemic diseases and cancer leading to
many pathophysiological consequences. The molecular mechanisms by which VEGF acts to induce hyperpermeability are poorly
understood and in vivo models that easily facilitate real-time, genetic studies of VP do not exist. We report a heat-inducible VEGF transgenic
zebrafish model through which VP can be monitored in real-time. Using this approach with morpholino-mediated gene knockdown,
as well as knockout mice, we describe a novel role of phospholipase Cβ3 as a negative regulator of VEGF-mediated VP by regulating
intracellular calcium release. Our results suggest an important function of PLCβ3 on VP and also present a new model to identify
genetic regulators of VP crucial to several disease processes.