ZFIN ID: ZDB-PUB-071125-28
Nonapical symmetric divisions underlie horizontal cell layer formation in the developing retina in vivo
Godinho, L., Williams, P.R., Claassen, Y., Provost, E., Leach, S.D., Kamermans, M., and Wong, R.O.
Date: 2007
Source: Neuron   56(4): 597-603 (Journal)
Registered Authors: Godinho, Leanne, Kamermans, Maarten, Leach, Steven D.
Keywords: none
MeSH Terms:
  • Animals
  • Biomarkers/metabolism
  • Body Patterning/physiology
  • Cell Differentiation/physiology
  • Cell Division/physiology
  • Cell Shape/physiology
  • Green Fluorescent Proteins/genetics
  • Homeodomain Proteins/metabolism
  • Luminescent Proteins/genetics
  • Microscopy, Confocal
  • Neural Pathways/cytology*
  • Neural Pathways/embryology*
  • Neural Pathways/physiology
  • Organogenesis/physiology
  • Photoreceptor Cells, Vertebrate/cytology
  • Photoreceptor Cells, Vertebrate/physiology
  • Retina/cytology
  • Retina/embryology*
  • Retinal Horizontal Cells/cytology*
  • Retinal Horizontal Cells/embryology*
  • Retinal Horizontal Cells/physiology
  • Stem Cells/cytology*
  • Stem Cells/physiology
  • Synapses/physiology
  • Synapses/ultrastructure
  • Time Factors
  • Transcription Factors/metabolism
  • Tumor Suppressor Proteins/metabolism
  • Zebrafish
PubMed: 18031679 Full text @ Neuron
Symmetric cell divisions have been proposed to rapidly increase neuronal number late in neurogenesis, but how critical this mode of division is to establishing a specific neuronal layer is unknown. Using in vivo time-lapse imaging methods, we discovered that in the laminated zebrafish retina, the horizontal cell (HC) layer forms quickly during embryonic development upon division of a precursor cell population. The precursor cells morphologically resemble immature, postmitotic HCs and express HC markers such as ptf1a and Prox1 prior to division. These precursors undergo nonapical symmetric division at the laminar location where mature HCs contact photoreceptors. Strikingly, the precursor cell type we observed generates exclusively HCs. We have thus identified a dedicated HC precursor, and our findings suggest a mechanism of neuronal layer formation whereby the location of mitosis could facilitate rapid contact between synaptic partners.