ZFIN ID: ZDB-PUB-070629-5
Prostaglandin E2 regulates vertebrate haematopoietic stem cell homeostasis
North, T.E., Goessling, W., Walkley, C.R., Lengerke, C., Kopani, K.R., Lord, A.M., Weber, G.J., Bowman, T.V., Jang, I.H., Grosser, T., Fitzgerald, G.A., Daley, G.Q., Orkin, S.H., and Zon, L.I.
Date: 2007
Source: Nature 447(7147): 1007-1011 (Journal)
Registered Authors: Bowman, Teresa, Goessling, Wolfram, Lord, Allegra, North, Trista, Weber, Gerhard, Zon, Leonard I.
Keywords: none
MeSH Terms: Animals; Cell Differentiation/drug effects; Core Binding Factor Alpha 2 Subunit/genetics; Dinoprostone/agonists; Dinoprostone/antagonists & inhibitors (all 18) expand
PubMed: 17581586 Full text @ Nature
FIGURES   (current status)
ABSTRACT
Haematopoietic stem cell (HSC) homeostasis is tightly controlled by growth factors, signalling molecules and transcription factors. Definitive HSCs derived during embryogenesis in the aorta-gonad-mesonephros region subsequently colonize fetal and adult haematopoietic organs. To identify new modulators of HSC formation and homeostasis, a panel of biologically active compounds was screened for effects on stem cell induction in the zebrafish aorta-gonad-mesonephros region. Here, we show that chemicals that enhance prostaglandin (PG) E2 synthesis increased HSC numbers, and those that block prostaglandin synthesis decreased stem cell numbers. The cyclooxygenases responsible for PGE2 synthesis were required for HSC formation. A stable derivative of PGE2 improved kidney marrow recovery following irradiation injury in the adult zebrafish. In murine embryonic stem cell differentiation assays, PGE2 caused amplification of multipotent progenitors. Furthermore, ex vivo exposure to stabilized PGE2 enhanced spleen colony forming units at day 12 post transplant and increased the frequency of long-term repopulating HSCs present in murine bone marrow after limiting dilution competitive transplantation. The conserved role for PGE2 in the regulation of vertebrate HSC homeostasis indicates that modulation of the prostaglandin pathway may facilitate expansion of HSC number for therapeutic purposes.
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