ZFIN ID: ZDB-PUB-190811-3
RNA 5-Methylcytosine Facilitates the Maternal-to-Zygotic Transition by Preventing Maternal mRNA Decay
Yang, Y., Wang, L., Han, X., Yang, W.L., Zhang, M., Ma, H.L., Sun, B.F., Li, A., Xia, J., Chen, J., Heng, J., Wu, B., Chen, Y.S., Xu, J.W., Yang, X., Yao, H., Sun, J., Lyu, C., Wang, H.L., Huang, Y., Sun, Y.P., Zhao, Y.L., Meng, A., Ma, J., Liu, F., Yang, Y.G.
Date: 2019
Source: Molecular Cell   75(6): 1188-1202.e11 (Journal)
Registered Authors: Liu, Feng, Meng, Anming
Keywords: 5-methylcytosine, Pabpc1a, RNA methylation, Ybx1, cold shock domain, early embryogenesis, maternal mRNA decay, maternal-to-zygotic transition, zebrafish, π-π interactions
MeSH Terms:
  • 5-Methylcytosine/metabolism*
  • Animals
  • Embryo, Nonmammalian/embryology*
  • Embryonic Development/physiology*
  • HeLa Cells
  • Humans
  • Mice
  • RNA Stability/physiology*
  • RNA, Messenger, Stored/genetics
  • RNA, Messenger, Stored/metabolism*
  • Zebrafish/embryology*
  • Zebrafish/genetics
PubMed: 31399345 Full text @ Mol. Cell
The maternal-to-zygotic transition (MZT) is a conserved and fundamental process during which the maternal environment is converted to an environment of embryonic-driven development through dramatic reprogramming. However, how maternally supplied transcripts are dynamically regulated during MZT remains largely unknown. Herein, through genome-wide profiling of RNA 5-methylcytosine (m5C) modification in zebrafish early embryos, we found that m5C-modified maternal mRNAs display higher stability than non-m5C-modified mRNAs during MZT. We discovered that Y-box binding protein 1 (Ybx1) preferentially recognizes m5C-modified mRNAs through π-π interactions with a key residue, Trp45, in Ybx1's cold shock domain (CSD), which plays essential roles in maternal mRNA stability and early embryogenesis of zebrafish. Together with the mRNA stabilizer Pabpc1a, Ybx1 promotes the stability of its target mRNAs in an m5C-dependent manner. Our study demonstrates an unexpected mechanism of RNA m5C-regulated maternal mRNA stabilization during zebrafish MZT, highlighting the critical role of m5C mRNA modification in early development.