ZFIN ID: ZDB-EXP-170109-7
Experiment Conditions Description: chemical ablation: pancreatic B cell, chemical treatment by environment: metronidazole, chemical treatment: adenosine receptor agonist
chemical ablation: pancreatic B cell
Name: chemical ablation
Synonyms:
Definition: Experimental condition which uses a chemical to ablate an anatomical structure or cell.
Ontology: Zebrafish Environment Condition Ontology [ZECO:0000169]
Name: pancreatic B cell
Synonyms: beta cell
Definition:
Ontology: Anatomy Ontology [ZFA:0009102]
chemical treatment by environment: metronidazole
Name: chemical treatment by environment
Synonyms:
Definition: Chemical treatment condition in which the chemical is introduced through the environment. For zebrafish this is the tank water.
Ontology: Zebrafish Environment Condition Ontology [ZECO:0000238]
Name: metronidazole
Synonyms: 1-(2-hydroxy-1-ethyl)-2-methyl-5-nitroimidazole, 1-(2-hydroxyethyl)-2-methyl-5-nitroimidazole, 1-(beta-ethylol)-2-methyl-5-nitro-3-azapyrrole, 1-(beta-hydroxyethyl)-2-methyl-5-nitroimidazole, 1-(beta-oxyethyl)-2-methyl-5-nitroimidazole, 2-(2-methyl-5-nitro-1H-imidazol-1-yl)ethanol, 2-methyl-1-(2-hydroxyethyl)-5-nitroimidazole, 2-methyl-3-(2-hydroxyethyl)-4-nitroimidazole, 2-methyl-5-nitroimidazole-1-ethanol, metronidazol, metronidazole, metronidazolum
Definition: A member of the class of imidazoles substituted at C-1, -2 and -5 with 2-hydroxyethyl, nitro and methyl groups respectively. It has activity against anaerobic bacteria and protozoa, and has a radiosensitising effect on hypoxic tumour cells. It may be given by mouth in tablets, or as the benzoate in an oral suspension. The hydrochloride salt can be used in intravenous infusions. Metronidazole is a prodrug and is selective for anaerobic bacteria due to their ability to intracellularly reduce the nitro group of metronidazole to give nitroso-containing intermediates. These can covalently bind to DNA, disrupting its helical structure, inducing DNA strand breaks and inhibiting bacterial nucleic acid synthesis, ultimately resulting in bacterial cell death.
Ontology: Chebi [CHEBI:6909]
chemical treatment: adenosine receptor agonist
Name: chemical treatment
Synonyms:
Definition: Experimental condition in which the fish is treated with a chemical substance. This treatment could be administered by adding the chemical substance to the tank water, injections, or by consumption.
Ontology: Zebrafish Environment Condition Ontology [ZECO:0000111]
Name: adenosine receptor agonist
Synonyms: adenosine receptor agonist
Definition: An agonist at any adenosine receptor.
Ontology: Chebi [CHEBI:73311]
Publication: Schulz et al., 2016