PUBLICATION

Growth and Antioxidant-Related Effects of the Reestablished Ascorbic Acid Pathway in Zebrafish (Danio rerio) by Genomic Integration of L-Gulonolactone Oxidase From Cloudy Catshark (Scyliorhinus torazame)

Authors
Shanaka, K.A.S.N., Jung, S., Janson, N.D., Jayasingha, J.R.P., Madushani, K.P., Kim, M.J., Lee, J.
ID
ZDB-PUB-210723-3
Date
2021
Source
Frontiers in Physiology   12: 685595 (Journal)
Registered Authors
Kim, Myoung-Jin
Keywords
antioxidant genes, ascorbic acid, gene expression pattern, morphology, transgenic zebrafish
MeSH Terms
none
PubMed
34290620 Full text @ Front. Physiol.
Abstract
Loss of L-gulonolactone oxidase (GULO), which catalyzes the last step of the ascorbic acid (AA) biosynthesis pathway, results in a complete lack of AA in several Osteichthyes fish species, including zebrafish. In this study, sGULO, the active GULO gene from cloudy catshark (Scyliorhinus torazame) was cloned into zebrafish using the Gateway cloning method. The resulting Tg(b-actin:sGULO:mCherry) fish were analyzed for the effects of a reestablished AA pathway. Fluorescent microscopy and PCR were used to analyze the integration of the construct into the zebrafish genome. Catalytic activity of sGULO, AA production, growth-related characteristics, and gene expression were investigated to evaluate the effects of AA production in Tg fish. The mCherry fluorescent protein indicated the proper integration and expression of the sGULO construct in zebrafish. The sGULO gene was ubiquitously expressed in all the studied tissues and the enzyme activity indicated an increased AA production in Tg fish. The growth of Tg fish was also increased, and antioxidant system analysis suggests that reactive oxygen species production was reduced in Tg fish compared with wild type. Expression of the AA transporter slc23a1 was significantly downregulated in Tg homozygous fish. These results collectively indicate the effects of reestablished AA synthesis in zebrafish.
Genes / Markers
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Expression
Phenotype
Mutations / Transgenics
Human Disease / Model
Sequence Targeting Reagents
Fish
Antibodies
Orthology
Engineered Foreign Genes
Mapping