Endothelial cell mechanics and blood flow forces in vascular morphogenesis
- Phng, L.K., Belting, H.G.
- Seminars in cell & developmental biology 120: 32-43 (Review)
- Registered Authors
- Belting, Heinz-Georg Paul (Henry), Phng, Li-Kun
- Actin cytoskeleton, Anastomosis, Angiogenesis, Blood vessel remodelling, Endothelial cell mechanobiology, Haemodynamic forces, Lumen formation
- MeSH Terms
- Blood Vessels/physiology*
- Endothelial Cells/metabolism*
- 34154883 Full text @ Sem. Cell Dev. Biol.
Phng, L.K., Belting, H.G. (2021) Endothelial cell mechanics and blood flow forces in vascular morphogenesis. Seminars in cell & developmental biology. 120:32-43.
The vertebrate cardiovascular system is made up by a hierarchically structured network of highly specialised blood vessels. This network emerges during early embryogenesis and evolves in size and complexity concomitant with embryonic growth and organ formation. Underlying this plasticity are actin-driven endothelial cell behaviours, which allow endothelial cells to change their shape and move within the vascular network. In this review, we discuss the cellular and molecular mechanisms involved in vascular network formation and how these intrinsic mechanisms are influenced by haemodynamic forces provided by pressurized blood flow. While most of this review focusses on in vivo evidence from zebrafish embryos, we also mention complementary findings obtained in other experimental systems.
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