ZFIN ID: ZDB-PUB-201024-12
Lamellipodia-like protrusions and focal adhesions contribute to collective cell migration in zebrafish
Olson, H.M., Nechiporuk, A.V.
Date: 2020
Source: Developmental Biology   469: 125-134 (Journal)
Registered Authors: Nechiporuk, Alex
Keywords: Collective cell migration, Focal adhesion, Lamellipodia, Protrusion, Zebrafish
MeSH Terms:
  • Actin-Related Protein 2-3 Complex/metabolism
  • Actins/analysis
  • Animals
  • Cell Movement*
  • Focal Adhesions/physiology*
  • MAP Kinase Signaling System
  • Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase Kinases/antagonists & inhibitors
  • Pseudopodia/enzymology
  • Pseudopodia/metabolism
  • Pseudopodia/physiology*
  • Zebrafish/embryology*
  • Zebrafish/physiology
PubMed: 33096063 Full text @ Dev. Biol.
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ABSTRACT
Collective cell migration is a process where cohorts of cells exhibit coordinated migratory behavior. During individual and collective cellular migration, cells must extend protrusions to interact with the extracellular environment, sense chemotactic cues, and act as points of attachment. The mechanisms and regulators of protrusive behavior have been widely studied in individually migrating cells; however, how this behavior is regulated throughout collectives is not well understood. To address this, we used the zebrafish posterior lateral line primordium (pLLP) as a model. The pLLP is a cluster of ∼150 cells that migrates along the zebrafish trunk, depositing groups of cells that will become sensory organs. To define protrusive behavior, we performed mosaic analysis to sparsely label pLLP cells with a transgene marking filamentous actin. This approach revealed an abundance of brush-like protrusions throughout the pLLP that orient in the direction of migration. Formation of these protrusions depends on the Arp2/3 complex, a regulator of dendritic actin. This argues that these brush-like protrusions are an in vivo example of lamellipodia. Mosaic analysis demonstrated that these lamellipodia-like protrusions are located in a close proximity to the overlying skin. Immunostaining revealed an abundance of focal adhesion complexes surrounding the pLLP. Disruption of these complexes specifically in pLLP cells led to impaired pLLP migration. Finally, we show that Erk signaling, a known regulator of focal adhesions, is required for proper formation of lamellipodia-like protrusions in pLLP cells and pLLP migration. Altogether, our results suggest a model where the coordinated dynamics of lamellipodia-like protrusions, making contact with either the overlying skin or the extracellular matrix through focal adhesions, promotes migration of pLLP cells.
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