ZFIN ID: ZDB-PUB-190701-27
Zebrafish (Danio rerio) Oat1 and Oat3 transporters and their interaction with physiological compounds
Dragojević, J., Mihaljević, I., Popović, M., Smital, T.
Date: 2019
Source: Comparative biochemistry and physiology. Part B, Biochemistry & molecular biology   236: 110309 (Journal)
Registered Authors: Smital, Tvrtko
Keywords: Physiological interactors, Stable transfectants, Zebrafish, Oat1 and Oat3, synteny
MeSH Terms:
  • Animals
  • Drug Evaluation, Preclinical
  • Organic Anion Transport Protein 1/antagonists & inhibitors
  • Organic Anion Transport Protein 1/metabolism*
  • Organic Anion Transporters, Sodium-Independent/antagonists & inhibitors
  • Organic Anion Transporters, Sodium-Independent/metabolism*
  • Protein Binding
  • Protein Transport
  • Zebrafish/metabolism*
  • Zebrafish Proteins/antagonists & inhibitors
  • Zebrafish Proteins/metabolism*
PubMed: 31255699 Full text @ Comp. Biochem. Physiol. B Biochem. Mol. Biol.
Organic anion transporters (OATs) are membrane proteins within the Solute carrier family 22 (SLC22). They play important roles in cellular uptake of various organic compounds, and due to their expression in barrier tissues of major excretory and non-excretory organs are considered as crucial elements in absorption and distribution of a wide range of endobiotic and xenobiotic compounds. Based on our previous work and initial insights on SLC22 members in zebrafish (Danio rerio), in this study we aimed at in vitro characterization of Oat1 and Oat3 transporters and understanding of their interaction with potential physiological substrates. We first performed synteny analysis to describe in more detail orthological relationship of zebrafish oat1 and oat3 genes. We then developed stable cell lines overexpressing Oat1 and Oat3, and identified Lucifer yellow as Oat1 model fluorescent substrate (Km = 11.4 μM) and 6-carboxyfluorescein as Oat3 model substrate (Km = 5.8 μM). Initial identification performed using the developed assays revealed Kreb's cycle intermediates, bilirubin, bile salts and steroid hormones as the most potent of Oat1 and Oat3 interactors, with IC50 values in micromolar range. Finally, we showed that bilirubin, deoxycholic acid, α-ketoglutarate, pregnenolone, estrone-3-sulfate and corticosterone are in vitro substrates of zebrafish Oat1, and bilirubin and deoxycholic acid are Oat3 substrates. In conclusion, using the approach described, structural and functional similarities of both transporters to human and mammalian orthologs are revealed, their broad ligand selectivity confirmed, potent interactors among endobiotic compounds identified, and first indications of their potential physiological role(s) in zebrafish obtained.