ZFIN ID: ZDB-PUB-190619-2
Ankrd45 Is a Novel Ankyrin Repeat Protein Required for Cell Proliferation
Kang, Y., Xie, H., Zhao, C.
Date: 2019
Source: Genes   10(6): (Journal)
Registered Authors: Zhao, Chengtian
Keywords: ANKRD45, KRAS, apoptosis, cancer, cell cycle, zebrafish
MeSH Terms:
  • Animals
  • Ankyrin Repeat/genetics*
  • Body Patterning/genetics
  • CRISPR-Cas Systems/genetics
  • Cell Proliferation/genetics*
  • Cilia/genetics
  • Embryonic Development/genetics*
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental/genetics
  • HeLa Cells
  • Humans
  • Larva/genetics
  • Larva/growth & development
  • Mitosis/genetics
  • Zebrafish/genetics
  • Zebrafish/growth & development
  • Zebrafish Proteins/genetics*
PubMed: 31208154 Full text @ Genes (Basel)
Ankyrin repeats, the most common protein-protein interaction motifs in nature, are widely present in proteins of both eukaryotic and prokaryotic cells. Ankyrin repeat-containing proteins play diverse biological functions. Here, we identified the gene ankrd45, which encodes a novel, two ankyrin repeat-containing protein. Zebrafish ankrd45 displayed a tissue specific expression pattern during early development, with high expression in ciliated tissues, including otic vesicles, Kupffer's vesicles, pronephric ducts, and floor plates. Surprisingly, zebrafish ankrd45 mutants were viable and developed grossly normal cilia. In contrast, mutant larvae developed enlarged livers when induced with liver specific expression of KrasG12V, one of the common mutations of KRAS that leads to cancer in humans. Further, histological analysis suggested that multiple cysts developed in the mutant liver due to cell apoptosis. Similarly, knockdown of ANKRD45 expression with either siRNA or CRISPR/Cas9 methods induced apoptosis in cultured cells, similar to those in zebrafish ankrd45 mutant livers after induction. Using different cell lines, we show that the distribution of ANKRD45 protein was highly dynamic during mitosis. ANKRD45 is preferably localized to the midbody ring during cytokinesis. Together, our results suggest that Ankrd45 is a novel ankyrin repeat protein with a conserved role during cell proliferation in both zebrafish embryos and mammalian cells.