ZFIN ID: ZDB-PUB-190427-11
Modulation of TNFα Activity by the microRNA Let-7 Coordinates Zebrafish Heart Regeneration
Smith, A.M., Dykeman, C.A., King, B.L., Yin, V.P.
Date: 2019
Source: iScience   15: 1-15 (Journal)
Registered Authors:
Keywords: Cell Biology, Developmental Biology, Genetics, Molecular Biology, Physiology
Microarrays: GEO:GSE125987
MeSH Terms: none
PubMed: 31026665 Full text @ iScience
The adult zebrafish is capable of regenerating heart muscle, resolving collagen tissue, and fully restoring heart function throughout its life. In this study, we show that the highly upregulated, epicardium-enriched microRNA let-7i functions in wound closure and cardiomyocyte proliferation. RNA sequencing experiments identified upregulated expression of members of the tumor necrosis factor (TNF) signaling pathway in the absence of let-7. Importantly, co-suppression of TNF and let-7 activity rescued epicardium migration and cardiomyocyte proliferation defects induced by depletion of let-7 alone. Sensitizing animals to low levels of TNF activity before injury culminated in repressed cardiomyocyte proliferation and wound closure defects, suggesting that levels of inflammation at the onset of injury are critical for heart regeneration. Our studies indicate that injury-induced reduction in TNF signaling by let-7 in the epicardium creates a pro-regenerative environment for cardiomyocyte proliferation during adult heart regeneration.
corrected by ZDB-PUB-190716-12