Suppression of ABCD2 dysregulates lipid metabolism via dysregulation of miR-141:ACSL4 in human osteoarthritis

Park, S., Oh, J., Kim, Y.I., Choe, S.K., Chun, C.H., Jin, E.J.
Cell biochemistry and function   36(7): 366-376 (Journal)
Registered Authors
Choe, Seong-Kyu, Kim, Yong-Il
ABCD2, ACSL4, VLCFA, cartilage degradation, miR-141-3p, osteoarthritis
MeSH Terms
  • ATP Binding Cassette Transporter, Subfamily D/genetics
  • ATP Binding Cassette Transporter, Subfamily D/metabolism*
  • Adult
  • Animals
  • Apoptosis
  • Chondrocytes/metabolism
  • Chondrocytes/pathology
  • Coenzyme A Ligases/genetics
  • Coenzyme A Ligases/metabolism*
  • Disease Models, Animal
  • Fatty Acids/metabolism
  • Female
  • Gene Expression Profiling
  • Humans
  • Lipid Metabolism*
  • Male
  • Mice
  • MicroRNAs/genetics
  • MicroRNAs/metabolism*
  • Middle Aged
  • Osteoarthritis/genetics
  • Osteoarthritis/metabolism*
  • Osteoarthritis/pathology
  • Peroxisomes/metabolism
  • Zebrafish
30264402 Full text @ Cell Biochem. Funct.
Even though increasing evidence indicates the importance of peroxisomal lipid metabolism in regulating biological and pathological events, its involvement in cartilage development has not been well studied. Here, we identified the importance of peroxisomal function, particularly the functional integrity of ABCD2, in the pathogenesis of osteoarthritis (OA). Knockdown of ABCD2 in OA chondrocytes induced the accumulation of very long chain fatty acids (VLCFAs) and apoptotic cell death. Moreover, knockdown of ABCD2 altered profiles of miRNAs that affect the expression level of ACSL4, a known direct regulator of lipid metabolism. Suppression of ACSL4 in human chondrocytes-induced VLCFA accumulation, MMP-13 expression, and apoptotic cell death. In vivo morph-down of the ACSL4 homologue in zebrafish resulted in significant defects in cartilage development and in vivo knockdown of ACSL4 in cartilage tissue of an OA model mice promoted severe cartilage degradation. In summary, to the best of our knowledge, this is the first report suggesting that the regulatory network among peroxisomal ABCD2:ACSL4:VLCFA serves as a novel regulator of cartilage homeostasis, and these data may provide novel insights into the role of peroxisomal fatty acid metabolism in pathogenesis of human OA.
Our study indicates that peroxisomal dysfunction is closely related to OA pathogenesis. Particularly, the functional integrity of ABCD2 may play an important role in OA pathogenesis via the accumulation of VLCFAs and stimulation of apoptotic death through altering profiles of miRNAs that target ACSL4. Our findings suggest that targeting the regulatory network among the peroxisomal ABCD2:ACSL4:VLCFA axis may provide a new potential therapeutic strategy for OA pathogenesis.
Genes / Markers
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Mutations / Transgenics
Human Disease / Model
Sequence Targeting Reagents
Engineered Foreign Genes