ZFIN ID: ZDB-PUB-180919-8
Larval Zebrafish Lateral Line as a Model for Acoustic Trauma
Uribe, P.M., Villapando, B.K., Lawton, K.J., Fang, Z., Gritsenko, D., Bhandiwad, A., Sisneros, J.A., Xu, J., Coffin, A.B.
Date: 2018
Source: eNeuro   5(4): (Journal)
Registered Authors: Coffin, Allison
Keywords: acoustic trauma, hair cell, hearing loss, lateral line, zebrafish
MeSH Terms:
  • Acoustic Stimulation
  • Animals
  • Animals, Genetically Modified
  • Disease Models, Animal
  • Hair Cells, Vestibular*/pathology
  • Hair Cells, Vestibular*/physiology
  • Hearing Loss, Noise-Induced*/etiology
  • Hearing Loss, Noise-Induced*/pathology
  • Hearing Loss, Noise-Induced*/physiopathology
  • Larva
  • Lateral Line System*/injuries
  • Lateral Line System*/pathology
  • Lateral Line System*/physiology
  • Nerve Regeneration/drug effects
  • Nerve Regeneration/physiology*
  • Zebrafish
PubMed: 30225343 Full text @ eNeuro
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ABSTRACT
Excessive noise exposure damages sensory hair cells, leading to permanent hearing loss. Zebrafish are a highly tractable model that have advanced our understanding of drug-induced hair cell death, yet no comparable model exists for noise exposure research. We demonstrate the utility of zebrafish as model to increase understanding of hair cell damage from acoustic trauma and develop protective therapies. We created an acoustic trauma system using underwater cavitation to stimulate lateral line hair cells. We found that acoustic stimulation resulted in exposure time- and intensity-dependent lateral line and saccular hair cell damage that is maximal at 48-72 h post-trauma. The number of TUNEL+ lateral line hair cells increased 72 h post-exposure, whereas no increase was observed in TUNEL+ supporting cells, demonstrating that acoustic stimulation causes hair cell-specific damage. Lateral line hair cells damaged by acoustic stimulation regenerate within 3 d, consistent with prior regeneration studies utilizing ototoxic drugs. Acoustic stimulation-induced hair cell damage is attenuated by pharmacological inhibition of protein synthesis or caspase activation, suggesting a requirement for translation and activation of apoptotic signaling cascades. Surviving hair cells exposed to acoustic stimulation showed signs of synaptopathy, consistent with mammalian studies. Finally, we demonstrate the feasibility of this platform to identify compounds that prevent acoustic trauma by screening a small redox library for protective compounds. Our data suggest that acoustic stimulation results in lateral line hair cell damage consistent with acoustic trauma research in mammals, providing a highly tractable model for high-throughput genetic and drug discovery studies.
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