ZFIN ID: ZDB-PUB-180808-6
Glypican 4 and Mmp14 interact in regulating the migration of anterior endodermal cells by limiting extracellular matrix deposition
Hu, B., Gao, Y., Davies, L., Woo, S., Topczewski, J., Jessen, J.R., Lin, F.
Date: 2018
Source: Development (Cambridge, England)   145(17): (Journal)
Registered Authors: Jessen, Jason R., Lin, Fang, Topczewski, Jacek, Woo, Stephanie
Keywords: Cell migration, Endoderm, Extracellular matrix, Glypican 4, Imaging
MeSH Terms:
  • Animals
  • Animals, Genetically Modified
  • Body Patterning/genetics
  • Body Patterning/physiology*
  • Cell Movement/genetics
  • Cell Movement/physiology*
  • Endoderm/embryology*
  • Extracellular Matrix/metabolism
  • Fibronectins/metabolism
  • Gastrulation/physiology
  • Glypicans/genetics
  • Glypicans/metabolism*
  • Laminin/metabolism
  • Matrix Metalloproteinase 14/genetics
  • Matrix Metalloproteinase 14/metabolism*
  • Pseudopodia/metabolism
  • Zebrafish/embryology*
  • rac GTP-Binding Proteins/metabolism
PubMed: 30082271 Full text @ Development
During embryogenesis, the germ layers, including the endoderm, undergo convergence and extension movements to narrow and elongate the body plan. In zebrafish, the dorsal migration of endodermal cells during gastrulation is controlled by chemokine signaling, but little is known about how they migrate during segmentation. Here, we show that glypican 4 (Gpc4), a member of the heparin sulfate proteoglycan family, is required for efficient migration of anterior endodermal cells during early segmentation, regulating Rac activation to maintain polarized actin-rich lamellipodia. An endoderm transplantation assay showed that Gpc4 regulates endoderm migration in a non-cell-autonomous fashion. Further analyses revealed that the impaired endoderm migration in gpc4 mutants results from increases in the expression and assembly of fibronectin and laminin, major components of the extracellular matrix (ECM). Notably, we found that matrix metalloproteinase 14 (Mmp14a/b) is required for the control of ECM expression during endoderm migration, with Gpc4 acting through Mmp14a/b to limit ECM expression. Our results suggest that Gpc4 is crucial for generating the environment required for efficient migration of endodermal cells, uncovering a novel function of Gpc4 during development.