ZFIN ID: ZDB-PUB-180214-10
Urban stormwater runoff negatively impacts lateral line development in larval zebrafish and salmon embryos
Young, A., Kochenkov, V., McIntyre, J.K., Stark, J.D., Coffin, A.B.
Date: 2018
Source: Scientific Reports   8: 2830 (Journal)
Registered Authors: Coffin, Allison
Keywords: none
MeSH Terms:
  • Animals
  • Cities
  • Environmental Monitoring/methods
  • Filtration
  • Larva/drug effects
  • Lateral Line System/drug effects*
  • Rain
  • Salmon/embryology
  • Salmon/growth & development*
  • Water Pollutants, Chemical/adverse effects*
  • Zebrafish/growth & development*
PubMed: 29434264 Full text @ Sci. Rep.
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ABSTRACT
After a storm, water often runs off of impervious urban surfaces directly into aquatic ecosystems. This stormwater runoff is a cocktail of toxicants that have serious effects on the ecological integrity of aquatic habitats. Zebrafish that develop in stormwater runoff suffer from cardiovascular toxicity and impaired growth, but the effects of stormwater on fish sensory systems are not understood. Our study investigated the effect of stormwater on hair cells of the lateral line in larval zebrafish and coho salmon. Our results showed that although toxicants in stormwater did not kill zebrafish hair cells, these cells did experience damage. Zebrafish developing in stormwater also experienced impaired growth, fewer neuromasts in the lateral line, and fewer hair cells per neuromast. A similar reduction in neuromast number was observed in coho salmon reared in stormwater. Bioretention treatment, intended to filter out harmful constituents of stormwater, rescued the lateral line defects in zebrafish but not in coho salmon, suggesting that not all of the harmful constituents were removed by the filtration media and that salmonids are particularly sensitive to aquatic toxicants. Collectively, these data demonstrate that sub-lethal exposure to stormwater runoff negatively impacts a fish sensory system, which may have consequences for organismal fitness.
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