Tierbach, A., Groh, K.J., Schönenberger, R., Schirmer, K., Suter, M.J. (2018) Glutathione S-transferase protein expression in different life stages of zebrafish (Danio rerio). Toxicological sciences : an official journal of the Society of Toxicology. 162(2):702-712.
Zebrafish is a widely used animal model in biomedical sciences and toxicology. Although evidence for the presence of phase I and phase II xenobiotic defense mechanisms in zebrafish exists on the transcriptional and enzyme activity level, little is known about the protein expression of xenobiotic metabolizing enzymes. Given the important role of glutathione S-transferases (GSTs) in phase II biotransformation, we analyzed cytosolic GST proteins in zebrafish early life stages and different organs of adult male and female fish, using a targeted proteomics approach. The established Multiple Reaction Monitoring-based assays enable the measurement of the relative abundance of specific GST isoenzymes and GST classes in zebrafish through a combination of proteotypic peptides and peptides shared within the same class.GSTs of the classes alpha, mu, pi and rho are expressed in zebrafish embryo as early as 4 hours post fertilization (hpf). The majority of GST enzymes are present at 72 hpf followed by a continuous increase in expression thereafter. In adult zebrafish, GST expression is organ dependent, with most of the GST classes showing the highest expression in the liver.The expression of a wide range of cytosolic GST isoenzymes and classes in zebrafish early life stages and adulthood supports the use of zebrafish as a model organism in chemical-related investigations.