ZFIN ID: ZDB-PUB-171115-1
Multiple bioanalytical method to reveal developmental biological responses in zebrafish embryos exposed to triclocarban
Dong, X., Xu, H., Wu, X., Yang, L.
Date: 2017
Source: Chemosphere   193: 251-258 (Journal)
Registered Authors:
Keywords: Antibacterial agents, Developmental toxicity, Thyroid system, Triclocarban, Zebrafish
MeSH Terms:
  • Animals
  • Carbanilides/toxicity*
  • Embryo, Nonmammalian/drug effects*
  • Environmental Monitoring/methods
  • Humans
  • Proteomics
  • Thyroid Gland/drug effects
  • Thyroid Hormones/metabolism
  • Toxicity Tests/methods*
  • Water Pollutants, Chemical/metabolism
  • Water Pollutants, Chemical/toxicity*
  • Zebrafish/embryology*
  • Zebrafish/metabolism
PubMed: 29136572 Full text @ Chemosphere
Triclocarban (TCC) is a well-known antibacterial agent that is frequently detected in environmental, wildlife and human samples. The potential toxicological effects and action mechanism of TCC on vertebrate development has remained unclear. In the present study, we analyzed phenotypic alterations, thyroid hormone levels, thyroid hormone responsive genes, and proteomic profiles of zebrafish embryos after exposure to a series of concentrations of TCC from 6 h post-fertilization (hpf) to 120 hpf. The most nonlethal concentration (MNLC), lethal concentration 10% (LC10) and lethal concentration 50% (LC50) of TCC for exposures of 96 h were 133.3 μg/L, 147.5 μg/L and 215.8 μg/L, respectively. Our results showed that exposure to TCC decreased heart rate, delayed yolk absorption and swim bladder development at MNLC and LC10. Exposure to MNLC of TCC inhibited thyroid hormone and altered expression of thyroid hormone responsive genes. Furthermore, exposure to 1/20 MNLC of TCC altered expression of proteins related to binding and metabolism, skeletal muscle development and function, as well as proteins involved in nervous system development and immune response, indicating TCC has potential health risks in wildlife and humans at low concentration level.