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ZFIN ID: ZDB-PUB-171104-2
Variant Histone H2afv Reprograms DNA Methylation During Early Zebrafish Development
Madakashira, B., Corbett, L., Zhang, C., Paoli, P., Casement, J.W., Mann, J., Sadler, K.C., Mann, D.A.
Date: 2017
Source: Epigenetics 12(9): 811-824 (Journal)
Registered Authors: Sadler Edepli, Kirsten C., Zhang, Chi
Keywords: none
MeSH Terms:
  • Animals
  • DNA (Cytosine-5-)-Methyltransferase 1/genetics
  • DNA (Cytosine-5-)-Methyltransferase 1/physiology
  • DNA Methylation*
  • Genetic Variation
  • Histones/metabolism*
  • Phenotype
  • Zebrafish/embryology
  • Zebrafish/genetics*
  • Zebrafish/growth & development
  • Zebrafish Proteins/genetics
  • Zebrafish Proteins/physiology
PubMed: 29099280 Full text @ Epigenetics
The DNA methylome is re-patterned during discrete phases of vertebrate development. In zebrafish, there are two waves of global DNA demethylation and re-methylation: the first occurs prior to gastrulation when the parental methylome is changed to the zygotic pattern and the second occurs after formation of the embryonic body axis, during organ specification. The occupancy of the histone variant H2A.Z and regions of DNA methylation are generally anti-correlated, and it has been proposed that H2A.Z restricts the boundaries of highly methylated regions. While many studies have described the dynamics of methylome changes during early zebrafish development, the factors involved in establishing the DNA methylation landscape in zebrafish embryos have not been identified. We test the hypothesis that the zebrafish ortholog of H2A.Z (H2afv) restricts DNA methylation during development. We find that in control embryos, bulk genome methylation decreases after gastrulation, with a nadir at the bud stage and peaks during mid-somitogenesis and by 24 hours post-fertilization, total DNA methylation levels return to that detected in gastrula. Early zebrafish embryos depleted of H2afv have significantly more bulk DNA methylation during somitogenesis, suggesting that H2afv limits methylation during this stage of development. H2afv deficient embryos are small, with multisystemic abnormalities. Genetic interaction experiments demonstrate that these phenotypes are suppressed by depletion of DNA methyltransferase 1 (Dnmt1). This work demonstrates that H2afv is essential for global DNA methylation reprogramming during early vertebrate development and that embryonic development requires crosstalk between H2afv and Dnmt1.