ZFIN ID: ZDB-PUB-171013-1
Maternal and embryonic exposure to the water soluble fraction of crude oil or lead induces behavioral abnormalities in zebrafish (Danio rerio), and the mechanisms involved
Wang, Y., Shen, C., Wang, C., Zhou, Y., Gao, D., Zuo, Z.
Date: 2017
Source: Chemosphere   191: 7-16 (Journal)
Registered Authors:
Keywords: Behavior, Calcium channels, Danio rerio, Pb, WSF
MeSH Terms:
  • Animals
  • Embryo, Nonmammalian/abnormalities*
  • Larva
  • Lead/metabolism
  • Lead/toxicity*
  • Metals, Heavy/metabolism
  • Petroleum/metabolism
  • Petroleum/toxicity*
  • Swimming
  • Water Pollutants, Chemical/analysis
  • Water Pollutants, Chemical/toxicity*
  • Zebrafish/abnormalities
  • Zebrafish/embryology
  • Zebrafish/metabolism
PubMed: 29024898 Full text @ Chemosphere
ABSTRACT
The water-soluble fraction (WSF) of crude oil plays an important role in the toxicity of crude oil in aquatic environments. Heavy metals, such as lead (Pb) are also important environmental contaminants, which can reach aquatic systems via the effluents of industrial, urban and mining sources. In the present study, we investigated whether maternal and embryonic exposure to the WSF (5, 50 μg/L) or Pb (10, 100 μg/L) could induce behavioral abnormalities in zebrafish. Our results showed that maternal and embryonic exposure to the WSF (5, 50 μg/L) and Pb (10, 100 μg/L) induced swimming activity alterations in larval and juvenile zebrafish. In 15 days post-fertilization (dpf) larval zebrafish, the distance moved was significantly increased in the groups treated with the WSF (5, 50 μg/L), but the angular velocity and turn angle were decreased after treatment with the WSF (5, 50 μg/L) or Pb (10, 100 μg/L). In 30 dpf juvenile zebrafish, the distance moved was markedly decreased in both groups treated with the WSF (5, 50 μg/L) and the Pb (10 μg/L) group, but the percentage of zebrafish moving up and the inter-fish distance of two juvenile fish were increased after treatment with the WSF (5, 50 μg/L) or Pb (10, 100 μg/L). Maternal and embryonic exposure to the WSF (5, 50 μg/L) or Pb (10, 100 μg/L) likely impaired the brain neurons growth and induced behavioral abnormalities in the larval and juvenile zebrafish. Furthermore, the expressions of some key genes, which were associated with calcium channels, behavioral development or the metabolism of environmental contaminants, were changed.
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