ZFIN ID: ZDB-PUB-170926-14
Extracellular HSP60 triggers tissue regeneration and wound healing by regulating inflammation and cell proliferation
Pei, W., Tanaka, K., Huang, S.C., Xu, L., Liu, B., Sinclair, J., Idol, J., Varshney, G.K., Huang, H., Lin, S., Nussenblatt, R.B., Mori, R., Burgess, S.M.
Date: 2016
Source: NPJ Regenerative medicine   1: 16013 (Journal)
Registered Authors:
Keywords: Cell death and immune response, Genetic interaction, Regeneration
MeSH Terms: none
PubMed: 28936359 Full text @ NPJ Regen Med
After injury, zebrafish can restore many tissues that do not regenerate well in mammals, making it a useful vertebrate model for studying regenerative biology. We performed a systematic screen to identify genes essential for hair cell regeneration in zebrafish, and found that the heat shock protein Hspd1 (Hsp60) has a critical role in the regeneration of hair cells and amputated caudal fins. We showed HSP60-injected extracellularly promoted cell proliferation and regeneration in both hair cells and caudal fins. We showed that hspd1 mutant was deficient in leukocyte infiltration at the site of injury. Topical application of HSP60 in a diabetic mouse skin wound model dramatically accelerated wound healing compared with controls. Stimulation of human peripheral blood mononuclear cells with HSP60 triggered a specific induction of M2 phase CD163-positive monocytes. Our results demonstrate that the normally intracellular chaperonin HSP60 has an extracellular signalling function in injury inflammation and tissue regeneration, likely through promoting the M2 phase for macrophages.