ZFIN ID: ZDB-PUB-170508-2
The chaperone activity of 4PBA ameliorates the skeletal phenotype of Chihuahua, a zebrafish model for dominant osteogenesis imperfecta
Gioia, R., Tonelli, F., Ceppi, I., Biggiogera, M., Leikin, S., Fisher, S., Tenedini, E., Yorgan, T.A., Schinke, T., Tian, K., Schwartz, J.M., Forte, F., Wagener, R., Villani, S., Rossi, A., Forlino, A.
Date: 2017
Source: Human molecular genetics   26(15): 2897-2911 (Journal)
Registered Authors: Fisher, Shannon
Keywords: phenotype, osteogenesis imperfecta, adult, collagen, collagen type i, embryo, larva, molecular chaperones, osteoblasts, zebrafish, calcification, molecule
MeSH Terms:
  • Animals
  • Calcification, Physiologic
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Collagen/genetics
  • Collagen Type I/genetics
  • Fibroblasts
  • Models, Animal
  • Molecular Chaperones/metabolism
  • Mutation
  • Osteoblasts
  • Osteogenesis Imperfecta/genetics*
  • Osteogenesis Imperfecta/metabolism
  • Phenylbutyrates/metabolism*
  • Phenylbutyrates/therapeutic use
  • Protein Folding
  • Taurochenodeoxycholic Acid/metabolism
  • Zebrafish/genetics
PubMed: 28475764 Full text @ Hum. Mol. Genet.
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ABSTRACT
Classical osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) is a bone disease caused by type I collagen mutations and characterized by bone fragility, frequent fractures in absence of trauma and growth deficiency. No definitive cure is available for OI and to develop novel drug therapies, taking advantage of a repositioning strategy, the small teleost zebrafish (Danio rerio) is a particularly appealing model. Its small size, high proliferative rate, embryo transparency and small amount of drug required make zebrafish the model of choice for drug screening studies, when a valid disease model is available. We performed a deep characterization of the zebrafish mutant Chihuahua, that carries a G574D (p.G736D) substitution in the α1 chain of type I collagen. We successfully validated it as a model for classical OI. Growth of mutants was delayed compared to WT. X-Ray, µCT, alizarin red/alcian blue and calcein staining revealed severe skeletal deformity, presence of fractures and delayed mineralization. Type I collagen extracted from different tissues showed abnormal electrophoretic migration and low melting temperature. The presence of endoplasmic reticulum (ER) enlargement due to mutant collagen retention in osteoblasts and fibroblasts of mutant fish was shown by electron and confocal microscopy. Two chemical chaperones, 4PBA and TUDCA, were used to ameliorate the cellular stress and indeed 4PBA ameliorated bone mineralization in larvae and skeletal deformities in adult, mainly acting on reducing ER cisternae size and favoring collagen secretion. In conclusion, our data demonstrated that ER stress is a novel target to ameliorate OI phenotype; chemical chaperones such as 4PBA may be, alone or in combination, a new class of molecules to be further investigated for OI treatment.
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