ZFIN ID: ZDB-PUB-170412-5
Whole-Exome Sequencing of Congenital Glaucoma Patients Reveals Hypermorphic Variants in GPATCH3, a New Gene Involved in Ocular and Craniofacial Development
Ferre-Fernández, J.J., Aroca-Aguilar, J.D., Medina-Trillo, C., Bonet-Fernández, J.M., Méndez-Hernández, C.D., Morales-Fernández, L., Corton, M., Cabañero-Valera, M.J., Gut, M., Tonda, R., Ayuso, C., Coca-Prados, M., García-Feijoo, J., Escribano, J.
Date: 2017
Source: Scientific Reports   7: 46175 (Journal)
Registered Authors:
Keywords: Genetics research, Medical genetics
MeSH Terms:
  • Animals
  • Carrier Proteins/genetics*
  • Chromosome Segregation/genetics
  • Embryo, Nonmammalian/metabolism
  • Eye/embryology*
  • Face/embryology*
  • Family
  • Female
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental
  • Gene Knockdown Techniques
  • Glaucoma/congenital*
  • Glaucoma/genetics*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Mutation/genetics*
  • Organ Specificity/genetics
  • Pedigree
  • Phenotype
  • Promoter Regions, Genetic/genetics
  • Receptors, CXCR4/genetics
  • Skull/embryology*
  • Subcellular Fractions/metabolism
  • Transcriptional Activation/genetics
  • Whole Exome Sequencing*
  • Zebrafish/embryology
  • Zebrafish/genetics
PubMed: 28397860 Full text @ Sci. Rep.
Congenital glaucoma (CG) is a heterogeneous, inherited and severe optical neuropathy that originates from maldevelopment of the anterior segment of the eye. To identify new disease genes, we performed whole-exome sequencing of 26 unrelated CG patients. In one patient we identified two rare, recessive and hypermorphic coding variants in GPATCH3, a gene of unidentified function, and 5% of a second group of 170 unrelated CG patients carried rare variants in this gene. The recombinant GPATCH3 protein activated in vitro the proximal promoter of CXCR4, a gene involved in embryo neural crest cell migration. The GPATCH3 protein was detected in human tissues relevant to glaucoma (e.g., ciliary body). This gene was expressed in the dermis, skeletal muscles, periocular mesenchymal-like cells and corneal endothelium of early zebrafish embryos. Morpholino-mediated knockdown and transient overexpression of gpatch3 led to varying degrees of goniodysgenesis and ocular and craniofacial abnormalities, recapitulating some of the features of zebrafish embryos deficient in the glaucoma-related genes pitx2 and foxc1. In conclusion, our data suggest the existence of high genetic heterogeneity in CG and provide evidence for the role of GPATCH3 in this disease. We also show that GPATCH3 is a new gene involved in ocular and craniofacial development.