ZFIN ID: ZDB-PUB-170317-5
Pro-NP™ protect against TiO2 nanoparticle-induced phototoxicity in zebrafish model: exploring potential application for skin care
Kim, M.S., Stees, M., Karuturi, B.V., Vijayaraghavalu, S., Peterson, R.E., Madsen, G.L., Labhasetwar, V.
Date: 2017
Source: Drug delivery and translational research   7: 372 (Journal)
Registered Authors: Peterson, Richard E.
Keywords: Antioxidants, Nanoparticles, Oxidative stress, Reactive oxygen species, Skin damage, Ultraviolet rays
MeSH Terms:
  • Animals
  • Antioxidants/pharmacology*
  • Catalase/pharmacology*
  • Embryo, Nonmammalian/abnormalities
  • Embryo, Nonmammalian/drug effects
  • Female
  • Male
  • Nanoparticles/radiation effects
  • Nanoparticles/toxicity*
  • Sunlight/adverse effects*
  • Superoxide Dismutase/pharmacology*
  • Titanium/radiation effects
  • Titanium/toxicity*
  • Zebrafish
PubMed: 28299721 Full text @ Drug Deliv Transl Res
Titanium dioxide nanoparticles (TiO2NPs) are used in sunscreen products to protect the skin from the sun's ultraviolet rays. However, following exposure to sunlight, the photocatalytic activity of TiO2NPs can produce an excess of reactive oxygen species (ROS), causing skin cell damage, triggering an inflammatory response. In zebrafish model, we evaluated how well Pro-NP™ (biodegradable NPs containing superoxide dismutase and catalase) could protect them from TiO2NP-induced photo-oxidative stress. We hypothesized that the antioxidant properties of Pro-NP™ would protect zebrafish embryos from the phototoxic effects of TiO2NPs, improving overall survival and growth. Dechorionated embryos were treated with TiO2NPs alone or co-treated with Pro-NP™, and then exposed to simulated sunlight. Pro-NP™ by itself caused no toxicity; however, for embryos exposed to 100 μg/ml TiO2NPs, zebrafish survival was reduced to ∼40% and at 500 μg/ml to ∼10%. In contrast, at 100 μg/ml TiO2NP, co-treatment with Pro-NP™ increased zebrafish survival in a dose-dependent manner. Co-treatment also improved percent of embryos hatching and resulted in normal growth of zebrafish. On the other hand, embryos treated with TiO2NPs alone developed deformities, had reduced pigmentation, and showed severely truncated growth. Pro-NP™ afforded a greater level of protection against TiO2NP-induced phototoxicity than other antioxidants (vitamin E or N-acetylcysteine) commonly used in topical skin care formulations. We conclude that Pro-NP™ exert significant protective effects against TiO2NP-induced phototoxicity and could be developed as a safe, effective skin care product, used alone or in combination with sunscreen products to protect the skin from sun's UV radiation.