ZFIN ID: ZDB-PUB-170228-4
Cellular responses to recurrent pentylenetetrazole-induced seizures in the adult zebrafish brain
Duy, P.Q., Berberoglu, M.A., Beattie, C.E., Hall, C.W.
Date: 2017
Source: Neuroscience   349: 118-127 (Journal)
Registered Authors: Beattie, Christine, Berberoglu, Michael
Keywords: Epilepsy, neurogenesis, seizures, zebrafish
MeSH Terms:
  • Animals
  • Behavior, Animal
  • Brain/drug effects*
  • Brain/physiopathology
  • Convulsants/pharmacology*
  • Disease Models, Animal
  • Epilepsy/chemically induced
  • Motor Activity/drug effects
  • Motor Activity/physiology
  • Pentylenetetrazole/pharmacology*
  • Seizures/chemically induced
  • Seizures/physiopathology*
  • Zebrafish
PubMed: 28238851 Full text @ Neuroscience
A seizure is a sustained increase in brain electrical activity that can result in loss of consciousness and injury. Understanding how the brain responds to seizures is important for development of new treatment strategies for epilepsy, a neurological condition characterized by recurrent and unprovoked seizures. Pharmacological induction of seizures in rodent models results in a myriad of cellular alterations, including inflammation, angiogenesis, and adult neurogenesis. The purpose of this study is to investigate the cellular responses to recurrent pentylenetetrazole seizures in the adult zebrafish brain. We subjected zebrafish to five once-daily pentylenetetrazole induced seizures and characterized the cellular consequences of these seizures. In response to recurrent seizures, we found histologic evidence of vasodilatation, perivascular leukocyte egress and leukocyte proliferation suggesting seizure-induced acute CNS inflammation. We also found evidence of increased proliferation, neurogenesis, and reactive gliosis. Collectively, our results suggest that the cellular responses to seizures in the adult zebrafish brain are similar to those observed in mammalian brains.