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ZFIN ID: ZDB-PUB-161025-7
The Sal-like 4 - integrin α6β1 network promotes cell migration for metastasis via activation of focal adhesion dynamics in basal-like breast cancer cells
Itou, J., Tanaka, S., Li, W., Iida, A., Sehara-Fujisawa, A., Sato, F., Toi, M.
Date: 2017
Source: Biochimica et biophysica acta   1864(1): 76-88 (Journal)
Registered Authors: Sehara-Fujisawa, Atsuko
Keywords: Breast cancer, Cell migration, Focal adhesion dynamics, Integrin, SALL4
MeSH Terms:
  • Animals
  • Breast Neoplasms/genetics*
  • Breast Neoplasms/metabolism
  • Breast Neoplasms/pathology
  • Cell Line, Tumor
  • Cell Movement
  • Disease Models, Animal
  • Epithelial Cells/metabolism*
  • Epithelial Cells/pathology
  • Female
  • Focal Adhesions/metabolism
  • Focal Adhesions/pathology
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic*
  • Humans
  • Integrin alpha6/genetics*
  • Integrin alpha6/metabolism
  • Integrin beta1/genetics*
  • Integrin beta1/metabolism
  • Neoplasm Invasiveness
  • Neoplasm Metastasis
  • Protein Multimerization
  • RNA, Small Interfering/genetics
  • RNA, Small Interfering/metabolism
  • Signal Transduction
  • Time-Lapse Imaging
  • Transcription Factors/antagonists & inhibitors
  • Transcription Factors/genetics*
  • Transcription Factors/metabolism
  • Zebrafish
  • rho-Associated Kinases/genetics
  • rho-Associated Kinases/metabolism
PubMed: 27773610 Full text @ Biochim. Biophys. Acta
During metastasis, cancer cell migration is enhanced. However, the mechanisms underlying this process remain elusive. Here, we addressed this issue by functionally analyzing the transcription factor Sal-like 4 (SALL4) in basal-like breast cancer cells. Loss-of-function studies of SALL4 showed that this transcription factor is required for the spindle-shaped morphology and the enhanced migration of cancer cells. SALL4 also up-regulated integrin gene expression. The impaired cell migration observed in SALL4 knockdown cells was restored by overexpression of integrin α6 and β1. In addition, we clarified that integrin α6 and β1 formed a heterodimer. At the molecular level, loss of the SALL4 - integrin α6β1 network lost focal adhesion dynamics, which impairs cell migration. Over-activation of Rho is known to inhibit focal adhesion dynamics. We observed that SALL4 knockdown cells exhibited over-activation of Rho. Aberrant Rho activation was suppressed by integrin α6β1 expression, and pharmacological inhibition of Rho activity restored cell migration in SALL4 knockdown cells. These results indicated that the SALL4 - integrin α6β1 network promotes cell migration via modulation of Rho activity. Moreover, our zebrafish metastasis assays demonstrated that this gene network enhances cell migration in vivo. Our findings identify a potential new therapeutic target for the prevention of metastasis, and provide an improved understanding of cancer cell migration.