ZFIN ID: ZDB-PUB-160831-2
Building the drains: the lymphatic vasculature in health and disease
Venero Galanternik, M., Stratman, A.N., Jung, H.M., Butler, M.G., Weinstein, B.M.
Date: 2016
Source: Wiley interdisciplinary reviews. Developmental biology   5(6): 689-710 (Review)
Registered Authors: Butler, Matthew, Jung, Hyun Min, Stratman, Amber, Venero Galanternik, Marina, Weinstein, Brant M.
Keywords: none
MeSH Terms:
  • Animals
  • Drainage
  • Humans
  • Lymphangiogenesis/physiology*
  • Lymphatic Diseases/pathology*
  • Lymphatic Vessels/embryology*
  • Lymphatic Vessels/pathology*
PubMed: 27576003 Full text @ Wiley Interdiscip Rev Dev Biol
ABSTRACT
The lymphatic vasculature is comprised of a network of endothelial vessels found in close proximity to but separated from the blood vasculature. An essential tissue component of all vertebrates, lymphatics are responsible for the maintenance of fluid homeostasis, dissemination of immune cells, and lipid reabsorption under healthy conditions. When lymphatic vessels are impaired due to invasive surgery, genetic disorders, or parasitic infections, severe fluid build-up accumulates in the affected tissues causing a condition known as lymphedema. Malignant tumors can also directly activate lymphangiogenesis and use these vessels to promote the spread of metastatic cells. Although their first description goes back to the times of Hippocrates, with subsequent anatomical characterization at the beginning of the 20th-century, the lack of identifying molecular markers and tools to visualize these translucent vessels meant that investigation of lymphatic vessels fell well behind research of blood vessels. However, after years under the shadow of the blood vasculature, recent advances in imaging technologies and new genetic and molecular tools have accelerated the pace of research on lymphatic vessel development. These new tools have facilitated both work in classical mammalian models and the emergence of new powerful vertebrate models like zebrafish, quickly driving the field of lymphatic development back into the spotlight. In this review, we summarize the highlights of recent research on the development and function of the lymphatic vascular network in health and disease. For further resources related to this article, please visit the WIREs website.
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