Functional characterization of the Japanese flounder (Paralichthys olivaceus) Sox2 gene promoter
- Liu, W., Song, H., Li, A., Du, X., Liu, Y., He, Y., Zhang, Q., Qi, J.
- Fish physiology and biochemistry 42(5): 1275-85 (Journal)
- Registered Authors
- Liu, Wei
- Paralichthys olivaceus, Promoter, Regulatory element, Sox2
- MeSH Terms
- Cell Line
- Embryo, Nonmammalian
- Embryonic Development/genetics*
- Fish Proteins/genetics*
- Flounder/growth & development
- Green Fluorescent Proteins/genetics
- Promoter Regions, Genetic
- SOX Transcription Factors/genetics*
- 26961126 Full text @ Fish Physiol. Biochem.
Liu, W., Song, H., Li, A., Du, X., Liu, Y., He, Y., Zhang, Q., Qi, J. (2016) Functional characterization of the Japanese flounder (Paralichthys olivaceus) Sox2 gene promoter. Fish physiology and biochemistry. 42(5):1275-85.
Sox2 has essential roles in early embryogenesis and the development of the central nervous system. Sox2 is also necessary in maintaining the identity of progenitor cells. In our study, a 1.8-kb fragment of the 5' flanking region of Paralichthys olivaceus Sox2 (Po-Sox2) gene was cloned and functionally characterized. The activity and specificity of Po-Sox2 promoter were analyzed by comparing various deletion mutants for their ability to direct luciferase and GFP expression in flounder brain cell line. Results indicated that the basal promoter is located between -978 and -442 bp, and the region from -1370 to -978 bp enhances the promoter activity. The regulatory elements in the -1370 to -442 bp fragment were further investigated. Many binding sites of transcription factors closely related to neurogenesis and stem cell properties were found in this region. Mutational analysis indicated that Nanog, Pax6, p53, and POU binding sites play functional roles in the transcription of Po-Sox2 gene, whereas NF-Y binding sites did not affect this gene. In vivo studies using transient transgenic zebrafish embryos showed that the Po-Sox2 promoter region can drive GFP expression in brain, yolk syncytial layer, and notochord. Our results provide valuable information in understanding the molecular regulatory mechanisms of Po-Sox2 gene during neurogenesis and embryonic development.
Genes / Markers
Mutations / Transgenics
Human Disease / Model
Sequence Targeting Reagents
Engineered Foreign Genes