PUBLICATION

An embryonic atrazine exposure results in reproductive dysfunction in adult zebrafish and morphological alterations in their offspring

Authors
Wirbisky, S.E., Weber, G.J., SepĂșlveda, M.S., Lin, T.L., Jannasch, A.S., Freeman, J.L.
ID
ZDB-PUB-160220-11
Date
2016
Source
Scientific Reports   6: 21337 (Journal)
Registered Authors
Freeman, Jennifer
Keywords
Diseases, Genetics
Datasets
GEO:GSE73740
MeSH Terms
  • Animals
  • Atrazine/adverse effects*
  • Embryonic Development/drug effects
  • Endocrine Disruptors/adverse effects*
  • Estradiol/metabolism
  • Female
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental/drug effects
  • Maternal Exposure*
  • Ovary/drug effects
  • Ovary/metabolism
  • Phenotype
  • Pregnancy
  • Progesterone/metabolism
  • Reproduction/drug effects*
  • Transcriptome
  • Water Pollutants, Chemical
  • Zebrafish*
PubMed
26891955 Full text @ Sci. Rep.
Abstract
The herbicide atrazine, a suspected endocrine disrupting chemical (EDC), frequently contaminates potable water supplies. Studies suggest alterations in the neuroendocrine system along the hypothalamus-pituitary-gonadal axis; however, most studies address either developmental, pubertal, or adulthood exposures, with few investigations regarding a developmental origins hypothesis. In this study, zebrafish were exposed to 0, 0.3, 3, or 30 parts per billion (ppb) atrazine through embryogenesis and then allowed to mature with no additional chemical exposure. Reproductive function, histopathology, hormone levels, offspring morphology, and the ovarian transcriptome were assessed. Embryonic atrazine exposure resulted in a significant increase in progesterone levels in the 3 and 30 ppb groups. A significant decrease in spawning and a significant increase in follicular atresia in the 30 ppb group were observed. In offspring, a decrease in the head length to body ratio in the 30 ppb group, along with a significant increase in head width to body ratio in the 0.3 and 3 ppb groups occurred. Transcriptomic alterations involved genes associated with endocrine system development and function, tissue development, and behavior. This study provides evidence to support atrazine as an EDC causing reproductive dysfunction and molecular alterations in adults exposed only during embryogenesis and morphological alterations in their offspring.
Genes / Markers
Figures
Show all Figures
Expression
Phenotype
Mutation and Transgenics
Human Disease / Model Data
Sequence Targeting Reagents
Fish
Antibodies
Orthology
Engineered Foreign Genes
Mapping
Errata and Notes