ZFIN ID: ZDB-PUB-160109-8
The Zebrafish scarb2a Insertional Mutant Reveals a Novel Function for the Scarb2/Limp2 Receptor in Notochord Development
Diaz-Tellez, A., Zampedri, C., Ramos-Balderas, J.L., García-Hernández, F., Maldonado, E.
Date: 2016
Source: Developmental dynamics : an official publication of the American Association of Anatomists   245(4): 508-19 (Journal)
Registered Authors: Maldonado, Ernesto
Keywords: Basement Membrane, Notochord, Scarb2a, Vacuole, Zebrafish
MeSH Terms:
  • Amino Acid Motifs
  • Animals
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental*
  • Humans
  • Lysosome-Associated Membrane Glycoproteins/genetics
  • Lysosome-Associated Membrane Glycoproteins/metabolism*
  • Mutagenesis, Insertional*
  • Notochord/embryology*
  • Zebrafish/embryology*
  • Zebrafish/genetics
  • Zebrafish Proteins/genetics
  • Zebrafish Proteins/metabolism*
PubMed: 26743566 Full text @ Dev. Dyn.
Scarb2 or Limp2 belong to a subfamily of Scavenger receptors described as lysosomal transmembrane glycosylated receptors, that are mutated in the human syndrome AMRF (action myoclonus-renal failure). The zebrafish insertional mutant scarb2a(hi1463Tg) has notochord defects, the notochord is a defining feature of chordates running along the center of the longitudinal axis and it is essential for forming the spinal column in all vertebrates.
There are three paralogous scarb2 genes in zebrafish; scarb2a, scarb2b and scarb2c. Both Scarb2a and Scarb2b proteins lack the classical di-leucine motif. We found that scarb2a(hi1463Tg) homozygous zebrafish embryos have a null mutation impairing vacuole formation in the notochord and simultaneously disrupting proper formation of the basement membrane resulting in its thickening at the ventral side of the notochord, which may be the cause for the anomalous upward bending observed in the trunk. Through whole mount in situ hybridization, we detected scarb2a mRNA expression in the notochord and in the brain early in development. However, it is puzzling that scarb2a notochord mRNA expression is short-lived in the presumptive notochord and precedes the complete differentiation of the notochord.
This work describes a novel function for the Scarb2 receptor as an essential glycoprotein for notochord development. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.