ZFIN ID: ZDB-PUB-151024-11
Reactive Gliosis in the Adult Zebrafish Retina
Thomas, J.L., Ranski, A.H., Morgan, G.W., Thummel, R.
Date: 2016
Source: Experimental Eye Research   143: 98-109 (Journal)
Registered Authors: Thummel, Ryan
Keywords: 5-Fluorouracil, Müller glia, Ouabain, photoreceptor, regeneration
MeSH Terms:
  • Animals
  • Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic/toxicity
  • Apoptosis
  • Cell Proliferation/drug effects
  • Dark Adaptation
  • Ependymoglial Cells/cytology
  • Ependymoglial Cells/physiology*
  • Fluorouracil/toxicity
  • Gliosis/physiopathology*
  • Green Fluorescent Proteins/metabolism
  • In Situ Nick-End Labeling
  • Intravitreal Injections
  • Light
  • Photoreceptor Cells, Vertebrate/radiation effects
  • Proliferating Cell Nuclear Antigen/metabolism
  • Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction
  • Stem Cells/physiology
  • Zebrafish
PubMed: 26492821 Full text @ Exp. Eye. Res.
In contrast to mammals, zebrafish posses the remarkable ability to regenerate retinal neurons. Damage to the zebrafish retina induces Müller glia to act as stem cells, generating retinal progenitors for regeneration. In contrast, injury in the mammalian retina results in Müller glial reactive gliosis, a characteristic gliotic response that is normally detrimental to vision. Understanding the signaling pathways that determine how Müller glia respond to injury is a critical step toward promoting regeneration in the mammalian retina. Here we report that zebrafish Müller glia exhibit signs of reactive gliosis even under normal regenerative conditions and that cell cycle inhibition increases this response. Persistently reactive Müller glia increase their neuroprotective functions, temporarily saving photoreceptors from a cytotoxic light lesion. However, the absence of a sustained proliferation response results in a significant inhibition of retinal regeneration. Interestingly, when cell cycle inhibition is released, a partial recovery of regeneration is observed. Together, these data demonstrate that zebrafish Müller glia possess both gliotic and regenerative potential.