ZFIN ID: ZDB-PUB-150506-9
The draft genome of the grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idellus) provides insights into its evolution and vegetarian adaptation
Wang, Y., Lu, Y., Zhang, Y., Ning, Z., Li, Y., Zhao, Q., Lu, H., Huang, R., Xia, X., Feng, Q., Liang, X., Liu, K., Zhang, L., Lu, T., Huang, T., Fan, D., Weng, Q., Zhu, C., Lu, Y., Li, W., Wen, Z., Zhou, C., Tian, Q., Kang, X., Shi, M., Zhang, W., Jang, S., Du, F., He, S., Liao, L., Li, Y., Gui, B., He, H., Ning, Z., Yang, C., He, L., Luo, L., Yang, R., Luo, Q., Liu, X., Li, S., Huang, W., Xiao, L., Lin, H., Han, B., Zhu, Z.
Date: 2015
Source: Nature Genetics   47(6): 625-31 (Journal)
Registered Authors: Huang, Wei, Zhang, Yong
Keywords: none
MeSH Terms:
  • Adaptation, Biological/genetics
  • Animals
  • Carps/genetics*
  • Evolution, Molecular
  • Female
  • Fish Proteins/genetics
  • Fish Proteins/metabolism
  • Genome
  • Herbivory/genetics
  • Male
  • Molecular Sequence Annotation
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Sequence Analysis, DNA
  • Transcriptome
PubMed: 25938946 Full text @ Nat. Genet.
The grass carp is an important farmed fish, accounting for ∼16% of global freshwater aquaculture, and has a vegetarian diet. Here we report a 0.9-Gb draft genome of a gynogenetic female adult and a 1.07-Gb genome of a wild male adult. Genome annotation identified 27,263 protein-coding gene models in the female genome. A total of 114 scaffolds consisting of 573 Mb are anchored on 24 linkage groups. Divergence between grass carp and zebrafish is estimated to have occurred 49-54 million years ago. We identify a chromosome fusion in grass carp relative to zebrafish and report frequent crossovers between the grass carp X and Y chromosomes. We find that transcriptional activation of the mevalonate pathway and steroid biosynthesis in liver is associated with the grass carp's adaptation from a carnivorous to an herbivorous diet. We believe that the grass carp genome could serve as an initial platform for breeding better-quality fish using a genomic approach.