ZFIN ID: ZDB-PUB-150106-12
A genomic region encompassing a newly identified exon provides enhancing activity sufficient for normal myo7aa expression in zebrafish sensory hair cells
Ernest, S., Rosa, F.M.
Date: 2015
Source: Developmental Neurobiology   75(9): 961-83 (Journal)
Registered Authors: Ernest, Sylvain, Rosa, Frederic
Keywords: Myo7a, enhancer, inner ear, lateral line, sensory hair cell
MeSH Terms:
  • Animals
  • Animals, Genetically Modified
  • Enhancer Elements, Genetic*
  • Exons*
  • Green Fluorescent Proteins/genetics
  • Green Fluorescent Proteins/metabolism
  • Hair Cells, Auditory/metabolism*
  • Humans
  • Introns
  • Lateral Line System/cytology*
  • Lateral Line System/embryology
  • Lateral Line System/metabolism
  • Luminescent Proteins/genetics
  • Luminescent Proteins/metabolism
  • Mechanoreceptors/metabolism*
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Mutation
  • Myosins/genetics*
  • Myosins/metabolism*
  • Postural Balance/physiology
  • RNA, Messenger/metabolism
  • Reflex, Startle/physiology
  • Sequence Homology
  • Zebrafish
  • Zebrafish Proteins/genetics*
  • Zebrafish Proteins/metabolism*
PubMed: 25556989 Full text @ Dev. Neurobiol.
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ABSTRACT
MYO7A is an unconventional myosin involved in the structural organization of hair bundles at the apex of sensory hair cells (SHCs) where it serves mechanotransduction in the process of hearing and balance. Mutations of MYO7A are responsible for abnormal shaping of hair bundles, resulting in human deafness and murine deafness/circling behavior. Myo7aa, expressed in SHCs of the inner ear and lateral line of zebrafish, causes circling behavior and abnormal hair cell function when deficient in mariner mutant. This work identifies a new hair cell-specific enhancer, highly conserved between species, located within Intron 2-3 of myo7aa gene. This enhancer is contained within a 761-bp DNA fragment that encompasses a newly identified Exon of myo7aa and whose activity does not depend on orientation. Compensation of mariner mutation by expression of mCherry-Myo7aa fusion protein under the control of this 761-bp DNA fragment results in recovery of balance, normal hair bundle shape and restored hair cell function. Two smaller adjacent fragments (344-bp and 431-bp), extracted from the 761-bp fragment, both show hair cell-specific enhancing activity, with apparently reduced intensity and coverage. These data should help understand the role of myo7aa in sensory hair cell differentiation and function. They provide tools to decipher how myo7aa gene is expressed and regulated in SHCs by allowing the identification of potential transcription factors involved in this process. The discovered enhancer could represent a new target for the identification of deafness-causing mutations affecting human MYO7A. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
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