ZFIN ID: ZDB-PUB-150104-2
The effect of the aquatic contaminants bisphenol-A and PCB-95 on the zebrafish lateral line
Hayashi, L., Sheth, M., Young, A., Kruger, M., Wayman, G.A., Coffin, A.B.
Date: 2015
Source: Neurotoxicology   46: 125-36 (Journal)
Registered Authors: Coffin, Allison
Keywords: Auditory, Bisphenol-A, Hair cell, Hearing, Lateral line, Polychlorinated biphenyl
MeSH Terms:
  • Analysis of Variance
  • Animals
  • Animals, Genetically Modified
  • Benzhydryl Compounds/toxicity*
  • Cell Death/drug effects
  • Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
  • Environmental Pollutants/toxicity*
  • Enzyme Inhibitors/pharmacology
  • Glutathione/metabolism
  • Green Fluorescent Proteins/genetics
  • Green Fluorescent Proteins/metabolism
  • Hair Cells, Vestibular/drug effects*
  • Larva
  • Lateral Line System/cytology*
  • Lateral Line System/drug effects
  • Oxidative Stress/drug effects
  • Phenols/toxicity*
  • Polychlorinated Biphenyls/toxicity*
  • Regeneration/drug effects
  • Time Factors
  • Transcription Factor Brn-3C/genetics
  • Transcription Factor Brn-3C/metabolism
  • Zebrafish/growth & development
PubMed: 25556122 Full text @ Neurotoxicology
Environmental toxicants such as bisphenol-A (BPA) and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) are prevalent in our water supply, soil, and many food products and can profoundly affect the central nervous system. Both BPA and PCBs can disrupt endocrine signaling, which is important for auditory development and function, but the effect of these toxicants on the auditory periphery is not understood. In this study we investigated the effect of PCB-95 and BPA on lateral line development, function, and regeneration in larval zebrafish. The lateral line is a system of mechanosensory hair cells on the exterior of the fish that are homologous to the hair cells located in the mammalian inner ear. We found that PCB-95 had no effect on lateral line development or hair cell survival. BPA also did not affect lateral line development, but instead had a significant effect on both hair cell survival and regeneration. BPA-induced hair cell loss is both dose-and time-dependent, with concentrations of 1μM or higher killing lateral line hair cells during a 24 hr exposure period. Pharmacologic manipulation experiments suggest that BPA kills hair cells via activation of oxidative stress pathways, similar to prior reports of BPA toxicity in other tissues. We also observed that hair cells killed with neomycin, a known ototoxin, failed to regenerate normally when BPA was present, suggesting that BPA in aquatic environments could impede innate regenerative responses in fishes. Collectively, these data demonstrate that BPA can have detrimental effects on sensory systems, both in aquatic life and perhaps in terrestrial organisms, including humans.