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ZFIN ID: ZDB-PUB-141231-4
Use of Gnotobiotic Zebrafish to Study Vibrio anguillarum Pathogenicity
Oyarbide, U., Iturria, I., Rainieri, S., Pardo, M.A.
Date: 2015
Source: Zebrafish   12(1): 71-80 (Journal)
Registered Authors:
Keywords: none
MeSH Terms:
  • Animals
  • Fish Diseases/immunology
  • Fish Diseases/microbiology*
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental
  • Germ-Free Life*
  • Immunity, Innate
  • Larva
  • Vibrio/pathogenicity*
  • Vibrio/physiology
  • Vibrio Infections/immunology
  • Vibrio Infections/microbiology*
  • Virulence
  • Zebrafish
PubMed: 25548877 Full text @ Zebrafish
Abstract We evaluated the use of the gnotobiotic zebrafish system to study the effects of bacterial infection, and analyzed expression of genes involved in zebrafish innate immunity. Using a GFP-labeled strain of Vibrio anguillarum, we fluorescently monitored colonization of the zebrafish intestinal tract and used gene expression analysis to compare changes in genes involved in innate immunity between nongnotobiotic and gnotobiotic larvae. The experiments performed with the gnotobiotic zebrafish reveal new insights into V. anguillarum pathogenesis. Specifically, an alteration of the host immune system was detected through the suppression of a number of innate immune genes (NFKB, IL1B, TLR4, MPX, and TRF) during the first 3 h post infection. This immunomodulation can be indicative of a "stealth mechanism" of mucus invasion in which the pathogen found a sheltered niche, a typical trait of intracellular pathogens.