ZFIN ID: ZDB-PUB-140513-102
Changes in the social environment induce neurogenic plasticity predominantly in niches residing in sensory structures of the zebrafish brain independently of cortisol levels
Lindsey, B.W., Tropepe, V.
Date: 2014
Source: Developmental Neurobiology   74(11): 1053-77 (Journal)
Registered Authors: Tropepe, Vincent
Keywords: adult neurogenesis, cortisol, social environment, stem cell niche, zebrafish
MeSH Terms:
  • Animals
  • Brain/cytology*
  • Brain/drug effects
  • Brain/physiology*
  • Bromodeoxyuridine/metabolism
  • Cell Differentiation
  • Cell Proliferation
  • Exploratory Behavior
  • Female
  • Hydrocortisone/administration & dosage
  • Hydrocortisone/metabolism
  • Male
  • Neurogenesis/drug effects
  • Neurogenesis/physiology*
  • Neurons/physiology*
  • Social Environment*
  • Social Isolation
  • Stem Cell Niche/drug effects
  • Stem Cell Niche/physiology*
  • Zebrafish
PubMed: 24753454 Full text @ Dev. Neurobiol.
ABSTRACT
The social environment is known to modulate adult neurogenesis. Studies in mammals and birds have shown a strong correlation between social isolation and decreases in neurogenesis, whereas time spent in an enriched environment has been shown to restore these deficits and enhance neurogenesis. These data suggest that there exists a common adaptive response among neurogenic niches to each extreme of the social environment. We sought to further test this hypothesis in zebrafish, a social species with distinct neurogenic niches within primary sensory structures and telencephalic nuclei of the brain. By examining stages of adult neurogenesis, including the proliferating stem/progenitor population, their surviving cohort, and the resulting newly differentiated neuronal population, we show that niches residing in sensory structures are most sensitive to changes in the social context, and that social isolation or novelty are both capable of decreasing the number of proliferating cells while increasing the number of newborn neurons within a single niche. Contrary to observations in rodents, we demonstrate that social novelty, a form of enrichment, does not consistently rescue deficits in cell proliferation following social isolation, and that cortisol levels do not negatively regulate changes in adult neurogenesis, but are correlated with the social context. We propose that enhancement or suppression of adult neurogenesis in the zebrafish brain under different social contexts depends largely on the type of niche (sensory or telencephalic), experience from the preceding social environment, and occurs independently of changes in cortisol levels.
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