ZFIN ID: ZDB-PUB-140502-12
Brag2 differentially regulates beta1- and beta3-integrin-dependent adhesion in endothelial cells and is involved in developmental and pathological angiogenesis
Manavski, Y., Carmona, G., Bennewitz, K., Tang, Z., Zhang, F., Sakurai, A., Zeiher, A.M., Gutkind, J.S., Li, X., Kroll, J., Dimmeler, S., and Chavakis, E.
Date: 2014
Source: Basic Research in Cardiology   109(2): 404 (Journal)
Registered Authors: Kroll, Jens
Keywords: Angiogenesis, Brag2, Endocytosis, Integrins, Migration
MeSH Terms:
  • ADP-Ribosylation Factors/metabolism
  • Animals
  • Animals, Genetically Modified
  • COS Cells
  • Cell Adhesion/physiology*
  • Cell Movement/physiology
  • Chlorocebus aethiops
  • Choroidal Neovascularization/genetics
  • Choroidal Neovascularization/metabolism
  • Choroidal Neovascularization/physiopathology
  • Disease Models, Animal
  • Guanine Nucleotide Exchange Factors/genetics*
  • Guanine Nucleotide Exchange Factors/metabolism
  • Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells
  • Humans
  • Integrin alphaVbeta3/genetics
  • Integrin alphaVbeta3/metabolism
  • Integrin beta1/metabolism*
  • Integrin beta3/metabolism*
  • Mice, Inbred C57BL
  • Neovascularization, Pathologic/genetics
  • Neovascularization, Pathologic/metabolism
  • Neovascularization, Pathologic/physiopathology*
  • Neovascularization, Physiologic/genetics
  • Neovascularization, Physiologic/physiology
  • RNA, Small Interfering/genetics
  • Receptors, Vitronectin/genetics
  • Receptors, Vitronectin/metabolism
  • Retinopathy of Prematurity/genetics
  • Retinopathy of Prematurity/metabolism
  • Retinopathy of Prematurity/physiopathology*
  • Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A/metabolism
  • Zebrafish
PubMed: 24522833 Full text @ Basic Res. Cardiol.

β1-Integrins are essential for angiogenesis. The mechanisms regulating integrin function in endothelial cells (EC) and their contribution to angiogenesis remain elusive. Brag2 is a guanine nucleotide exchange factor for the small Arf-GTPases Arf5 and Arf6. The role of Brag2 in EC and angiogenesis and the underlying molecular mechanisms remain unclear. siRNA-mediated Brag2-silencing reduced EC angiogenic sprouting and migration. Brag2-siRNA transfection differentially affected α5β1- and αVβ3-integrin function: specifically, Brag2-silencing increased focal/fibrillar adhesions and adhesion on β1-integrin ligands (fibronectin and collagen), while reducing the adhesion on the αVβ3-integrin ligand, vitronectin. Consistent with these results, Brag2-silencing enhanced surface expression of &alpha5β1-integrin, while reducing surface expression of αVβ3-integrin. Mechanistically, Brag2-mediated αVβ3-integrin-recycling and β1-integrin endocytosis and specifically of the active/matrix-bound α5β1-integrin present in fibrillar/focal adhesions (FA), suggesting that Brag2 contributes to the disassembly of FA via β1-integrin endocytosis. Arf5 and Arf6 are promoting downstream of Brag2 angiogenic sprouting, β1-integrin endocytosis and the regulation of FA. In vivo silencing of the Brag2-orthologues in zebrafish embryos using morpholinos perturbed vascular development. Furthermore, in vivo intravitreal injection of plasmids containing Brag2-shRNA reduced pathological ischemia-induced retinal and choroidal neovascularization. These data reveal that Brag2 is essential for developmental and pathological angiogenesis by promoting EC sprouting through regulation of adhesion by mediating β1-integrin internalization and link for the first time the process of β1-integrin endocytosis with angiogenesis.